About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Roman art and architecture material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about Roman art and architecture. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
- Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
- Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with ancient Roman art and architecture.
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning ancient Roman history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam
How It Works:
- Watch each video in the course to review all key topics
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
- Complete your review with the Roman Art & Architecture chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: The lessons in this course cover only information you need to know.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Roman Art & Architecture chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any ancient Roman history question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about art and architecture of Rome for a standard ancient Roman history course. Topics covered include:
- The structure and significance of the Roman aqueduct and arch
- Early Christian art and architecture in Rome
- The Aeneid by Virgil
- Important people in the history of Roman art including Virgil, Horace and Ovid
- The art and history of Roman sculpture
1. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
2. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
3. The Aeneid by Virgil
This lesson explores Virgil's 'Aeneid'. It consists of a brief plot synopsis. We stop along the way to look at a few important scenes and offer analysis where necessary.
4. Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid
This lesson explores the role of poetry in Augustus' rise to power. We look at the contributions of Virgil and Horace, two poets brought to Augustus' aid by his friend Maecenas. We also look at the legacy of Ovid, a poet who seems to have raised the emperor's ire.
5. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
6. The Roman Aqueduct: Definition & Facts
Explore the history, design and development of the Roman aqueduct and test your understanding of ancient Rome, the expansion of the Roman empire, and ancient building techniques.
7. The Roman Arch: Definition, Construction & History
Explore the history, design, construction, and significance of the Roman arch and test your understanding of ancient Roman culture, architecture, and influence.
8. Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics
Christianity managed to exist for hundreds of years before becoming the official religion of Rome. In this lesson, we'll take a look at the early architecture of the Christian church.
9. Ancient Roman Sculpture: History & Characteristics
Influenced by ancient Greek art, the ancient Romans continued their tradition of large-scale, realistic sculpture. Learn about what makes Roman artwork unique and how it continues to influence art today.
10. Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Sculptures: David
The story of David and Goliath is one of the most recognizable from the Judeo-Christian tradition. It's also a popular subject in art. In this lesson, we'll explore Bernini's take on this subject and see how his uniquely reflected the 17th century.
11. Fasces: Definition & Symbol
The fasces are a very common symbol that has been revived at multiple points across history. In this lesson, we'll examine the significance and history of this symbol, and see where it can be found.
12. Why Was Hadrian's Wall Built?
Hadrian's Wall was designed to protect Roman Britain from the Caledonians who lived in the northern part of the island, in what we know today as Scotland.
13. Baths of Caracalla: History & Facts
Public bathhouses in ancient times were not just for cleanliness; they were for socializing and leisure, too. In this lesson, we will look at the second largest bathhouse facility in ancient Rome, the Baths of Caracalla, and the amenities it provided the people of Rome.
14. Pont du Gard: History, Facts & Architecture
The Pont du Gard, in France, is a marvelous masterpiece of the Roman Empire. We will discuss this amazing structure and explore a little of its history, a few fun facts, and how the creation of this monument to Roman engineering was accomplished.
15. Gaius Valerius Flaccus: Argonautica & Quotes
Gaius Valerius Flaccus was a Roman poet who lived in the first century AD. His most famous work, The Argonautica is an updated, more detailed, and considered a more enjoyable work concerning Jason and the Argonauts than the original Greek story.
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