About This Chapter
Romanesque Art - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Romanesque art was a prevalent artistic style, lasting a few hundred years, that both affected and was affected by many different cultural elements of the time. These lessons will teach you about the cultural influences that helped create Romanesque art as well as the cultural legacy of this distinct style. There are quizzes at the end of every lesson to measure how well you understand the content and an instructor is available if you have any questions. This chapter will contain information of such things as:
- What were the social forces affecting Romanesque art?
- How were Romanesque churches constructed?
- Who were the monastic orders of the time period?
- What are significant Romanesque works of art?
- How is Romanesque architecture a distinct building style?
|Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style||Learn all about the details of Romanesque art.|
|Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History||Get the basics on Romanesque architecture.|
|Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & Architecture||Discuss the social and economic forces affecting Romanesque art and architecture.|
|Regional Variations in Romanesque Figural Arts & Churches||Identify the regional variations in Romanesque figural arts.|
|Role of Art in Romanesque Churches: Painting & Sculpture||Explain the role of art within (and on) Romanesque churches.|
|Influence of Pilgrimage on Romanesque Art & Architecture||Discuss the art and architectural developments that were inspired by the influx of pilgrims in Western Europe.|
|The Influence of Monastic Orders on Romanesque Art & Architecture||Explain the role of monastic orders in the creation of Romanesque art and architecture.|
|The Stavelot Triptych & the Role of the Reliquary||Describe the Stavelot triptych, and discuss the role of the reliquary.|
|Comparing Romanesque Tympanums: Iconography & Function||Describe the similarities and differences of different Romanesque tympanums.|
|The Bayeux Tapestry: Subject & Technique||Describe the technique and subject matter of the Bayeux Tapestry.|
|Comparing the Apse Fresco of Castel Appiano & the Apse Mosaic of San Vitale||Compare the apse fresco of Castel Appiano with the apse mosaic of San Vitale.|
1. Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson covers the explosion of Romanesque art in the 11th century. We briefly explore the causes behind this movement. Then we look at the two most notable forms of Romanesque art: sculptural decoration and stained glass windows. Finally, we examine the emergence of medieval secular art.
2. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History
In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.
3. Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & Architecture
The Romanesque style developed at a time when there were many changes going on. Learn how influences such as growing economies, larger populations, and political stability helped shape Romanesque art and architecture.
4. Regional Variations in Romanesque Figural Arts & Churches
The Romanesque style was highly regionalized. In this lesson, we are going to explore some of the different ways that this style was used across Medieval Europe.
5. Role of Art in Romanesque Churches: Painting & Sculpture
Art is never without function, and in this lesson, we will talk about what roles painting and sculpture played in the Romanesque churches of medieval Europe.
6. Influence of Pilgrimage on Romanesque Art & Architecture
After the fall of Rome, Europe went through a period of declining artistic innovation. That began to change with the Romanesque period. In this lesson, we'll talk about how pilgrimages impacted this change.
7. The Influence of Monastic Orders on Romanesque Art & Architecture
Medieval European society was dominated by religious orders, who had a fair amount of wealth and social power. In this lesson, we'll see how these orders influenced artistic production through both their cooperation and their competition.
8. The Stavelot Triptych & the Role of the Reliquary
The Stavelot Triptych is one of the masterpieces of the 12th century. In this lesson, we'll look at this object in artistic terms and explore its importance to medieval societies.
9. Comparing Romanesque Tympanums: Iconography & Function
The Romanesque period saw a revival of art in Europe. In this lesson, we'll explore the architectural feature called the tympanum and see how this connected to European life, religion, and even holy wars.
10. The Bayeux Tapestry: Subject & Technique
The Bayeux Tapestry is a visual record of the Battle of Hastings and the events that led up to it. It is meant to justify William the Conqueror's invasion of England in 1066 CE. Learn how it was constructed, the history behind it and how the story unfolds through a long series of images.
11. Comparing the Apse Fresco of Castel d'Appiano & the Apse Mosaic of San Vitale
The apse is one of the most important parts of medieval churches and, therefore, a great place to examine stylistic preferences. In this lesson, we'll compare two different apses and see what they tell us about medieval art.
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Other chapters within the Art 101: Art of the Western World course
- The Art of Ancient Egypt
- The Art of the Ancient Near East
- The Art of Ancient Greece
- The Art of Ancient Rome
- Early Christian Art
- Byzantine Art
- The Art of Early Medieval Europe
- Gothic Art
- Fifteenth-Century Italian Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Sixteenth-Century Italian Art
- Sixteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Baroque Art
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Romanticism in Art
- Realism in Art
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionist Art
- Art of the Early Twentieth Century
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Contemporary Art