About This Chapter
Romanesque Style of Art - Chapter Summary
In this chapter you'll study the art and architecture of the Romanesque period. You'll understand social and economic influences that affected both, and look at numerous examples of each. You'll also look at a variety of specific influences and types of art. By the end of the chapter you will be able to:
- Explain regional variations in Romanesque figural arts and churches
- Discuss the role of painting and sculpture in Romanesque churches
- Describe the influence of pilgrimage on Romanesque art and architecture
- Give examples of the influence of monastic orders on Romanesque art and architecture
- Explain the Stavelot Triptych and the role of the reliquary
- Compare and contrast iconography and function in Romanesque tympanums
- Describe the Bayeux Tapestry in terms of subject and technique
Our expert instructors have created this chapter to aid you in mastering all things Romanesque. The engaging video lessons will allow you to quickly review materials that are not as familiar to you as you study. You will find convenient video tags that allow you to jump to your desired spot in each video to maximize the use of your time, and by checking your knowledge with our self-assessments you will feel confident of your progress.
1. Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson covers the explosion of Romanesque art in the 11th century. We briefly explore the causes behind this movement. Then we look at the two most notable forms of Romanesque art: sculptural decoration and stained glass windows. Finally, we examine the emergence of medieval secular art.
2. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History
In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.
3. Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & Architecture
The Romanesque style developed at a time when there were many changes going on. Learn how influences such as growing economies, larger populations, and political stability helped shape Romanesque art and architecture.
4. Regional Variations in Romanesque Figural Arts & Churches
The Romanesque style was highly regionalized. In this lesson, we are going to explore some of the different ways that this style was used across Medieval Europe.
5. Role of Art in Romanesque Churches: Painting & Sculpture
Art is never without function, and in this lesson, we will talk about what roles painting and sculpture played in the Romanesque churches of medieval Europe.
6. Influence of Pilgrimage on Romanesque Art & Architecture
After the fall of Rome, Europe went through a period of declining artistic innovation. That began to change with the Romanesque period. In this lesson, we'll talk about how pilgrimages impacted this change.
7. The Influence of Monastic Orders on Romanesque Art & Architecture
Medieval European society was dominated by religious orders, who had a fair amount of wealth and social power. In this lesson, we'll see how these orders influenced artistic production through both their cooperation and their competition.
8. The Stavelot Triptych & the Role of the Reliquary
The Stavelot Triptych is one of the masterpieces of the 12th century. In this lesson, we'll look at this object in artistic terms and explore its importance to medieval societies.
9. Comparing Romanesque Tympanums: Iconography & Function
The Romanesque period saw a revival of art in Europe. In this lesson, we'll explore the architectural feature called the tympanum and see how this connected to European life, religion, and even holy wars.
10. The Bayeux Tapestry: Subject & Technique
The Bayeux Tapestry is a visual record of the Battle of Hastings and the events that led up to it. It is meant to justify William the Conqueror's invasion of England in 1066 CE. Learn how it was constructed, the history behind it and how the story unfolds through a long series of images.
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Other chapters within the AP Art History: Exam Prep course
- Introduction to Art
- Prehistoric Art
- Ancient Egyptian Art
- Ancient Near East Art
- Ancient Greek Art
- Ancient Roman Art
- Early Christian Art
- Art of the Byzantine Empire
- Medieval Art
- Gothic Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art
- Sixteenth-Century Art
- Art of the Baroque Period
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Art of the Romantic Period
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionism in Art
- Early Twentieth-Century Art
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Global Contemporary Art
- Asian Art
- Art of the Pacific
- Art of Indigenous Americas
- African Art
- AP Art History Flashcards