About This Chapter
Roots of the Vietnam War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Vietnam War, which is sometimes referred to as the Second Indochina War, was a protracted conflict that began in 1956 and ended in 1975. It served as an example of proxy warfare, through which opposing countries use third-party nations to engage in indirect confrontation, which in this case included China and the United States. In this chapter, you'll learn about the 20th-century events that precipitated the war, including those that occurred both before and after World Wars I and II.
Through a series of engaging videos, you'll have the opportunity to visit the former French colony and find out about the First Indochina War. You'll also become acquainted with the communist leader, Ho Chi Minh, and follow along with Vietnam's struggle for independence. Additional topics President Truman's containment policies and U.S. efforts to control the spread of Communism.
When you've finished watching the videos, you should understand:
- The roots of the Vietnam War within the context of Indochinese history
- The role of Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam's struggle for independence
- President Franklin D. Roosevelt's trusteeship policy
- President Harry S. Truman's containment policies
- The First Indochina War, including significant battles
- The results of the Geneva Conference
|Indochina from 1900 to 1945||Describe the events that took place in Indochina during the first half of the 20th century, including French rule and the Japanese coup of 1945.|
|Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh||Discuss the ascendance of Ho Chi Minh and the 'League for Independence.'|
|Roosevelt, Truman and Indochina||Demonstrate your understanding of Roosevelt's 'trusteeship,' Truman's containment policies and how Truman's actions led to the beginning of American involvement in Indochina.|
|First Indochina War: 1946-1954||Revisit and discuss the First Indochina War, including the Battle of Dien Bien Phu and the ceasefire agreements signed at the Geneva Conference.|
1. Roots of the Vietnam War: Learning Objectives & Activities
Use the lessons in this chapter to learn about the start of the Vietnam War. Learning objectives, key questions and related activities will help you identify important parts of what you've learned.
2. Indochina from 1900 to 1945: Culture, Government & Unrest
The history of the Vietnam War begins with understanding the events in Indochina prior to the end of 1945. In this lesson, you will learn about Indochina's culture, foreign rule and internal opposition to foreigners prior to the American arrival in Vietnam.
3. Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh
Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh attempted to usher in Vietnamese independence while eliminating foreign influence. Learn more about Ho, the Viet Minh and the crusade for a free Vietnam.
4. Primary Source: Letter from Ho Chi Minh to Robert Lansing in 1919
While the Vietnam War did not begin until after World War II, Vietnamese struggles for independence date far earlier. Ho Chi Minh favored independence decades before he became a political leader.
5. Roosevelt & Truman: Beginning American Involvement in Indochina
The question over the future of Indochina led to discussion, action and conflict. Learn about President Roosevelt's plan, the nationalist crusade, President Truman's reaction and the impending war in this video lesson.
6. First Indochina War: Battle of Dien Bien Phu & the Geneva Conference
Conflict between the French and Viet Minh led to the First Indochina War. In this lesson, you will learn about the causes of the war, the important battles and the final resolution, which led to increased American intervention in Southeast Asia.
7. Primary Source: The American Response to the Geneva Accords
After nearly a decade of fighting, the French government of the 1950s decided to award independence to its rebellious Indochina colonies. Even so, they maintained the importance of free elections to prevent a communist takeover.
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Other chapters within the History 108: History of the Vietnam War course