About This Chapter
SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Recognizing Literary Elements - Chapter Summary
Students in grades 6-8 who are preparing for the SBA ELA (Smarter Balanced Assessment English Language Arts/Literacy) will need to review all of the essential literary elements used in informational and literary text. This chapter's lessons cover the basics, including the following:
- Interaction between story elements
- Foreshadowing and flashback
- Problem and solution
- Cause and effect
- Use of allegory in literature
- Characters and setting
- Apostrophe and personification
- Catharsis in drama and literature
- Use of paradox, epithet and anecdote
Our self-paced lessons are presented by professional instructors who make both video and text lessons interesting and informative. Users may view the lessons as many times as needed; the videos have handy tags to go back and find specific portions if additional review is desired. Self-assessment quizzes that accompany each lesson offer an easy way to track progress.
1. How Story Elements Interact & Shape One Another
Story elements are not just individual parts of a story that function on their own. In this lesson, we will explore the basic elements of a story and how they interact and shape one another to affect the story.
2. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.
3. What is a Flashback in Literature? - Definition & Examples
This lesson will assist you in identifying and understanding the components of flashbacks found in literature. See examples of flashbacks, and then test your understanding through a quiz.
4. How to Identify the Problem and Solution in a Reading Selection
Informational texts can be arranged in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify the problem/solution structure. We will look at key words used and an example that uses this format.
5. How to Find Cause and Effect in a Reading Selection
Cause and effect structures can be used to describe how an action takes place. This lesson will discuss how to find this structure within a reading selection.
6. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples
Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.
7. How to Analyze Characters in Literature: Explanation and Examples
In this lesson, we will learn to analyze characters in literature by comprehending, interpreting and drawing conclusions about each character. We will look at a story to practice analyzing characters.
8. Setting in Literature: Definition, Importance & Examples
In this lesson, you'll review the important elements of a story. In particular, you'll learn about the components of the setting and its importance within the plot.
9. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.
10. What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama
In this lesson, learn about catharsis, a purging of feelings that occurs when audiences have strong emotional reactions to a work of literature. Explore examples of literary works which lead to catharsis, including tragedies.
11. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.
12. Epithet in Literature: Definition & Examples
Come explore the 'wine-dark' sea and meet Alexander the Great in this lesson on epithets! Keep reading to get familiar with the term and its many types, and get a chance to see these descriptors in action!
13. Paradox in Literature: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll learn what a paradox is and what role they play in literature. We'll also look at several examples of paradoxes, including ones from Shakespeare, George Orwell and Joseph Heller.
14. Anecdote in Literature: Definition & Examples
All of us have little stories of funny or sobering personal experiences and have probably heard those of several others. In this lesson, you'll learn what makes these stories 'anecdotes,' as well as encounter a few examples of these brief narratives in literature!
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Smarter Balanced Assessments - ELA Grades 6-8: Test Prep & Practice course
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Parts of Speech
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Verbs & Adverbs
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Comma Rules
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Modifiers
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Phrases & Clauses
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Types of Sentences
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Grammar Conventions
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Spelling Rules
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Inference & Context in Comprehension
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Identifying the Meaning of Words
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Figures of Speech
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Organization of Written Works
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Identifying Climax & Plot
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Identifying Themes in Written Works
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Literary Genres & Other Types of Text
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Analyzing Literary Nonfiction
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Analyzing Literary Fiction
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Types of Literary Fiction
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Analyzing Literary Drama
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Types of Poetry
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Interpreting Prose
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Point of View in Literature
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Persuasive Texts
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Reading Informational Texts
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: The Writing Process
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Writing Effective Compositions
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Clear & Precise Writing
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Narrative Writing Strategies
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Descriptive Writing Strategies
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Expository Writing Strategies
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Persuasive Writing Strategies
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Research Strategies
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Using Supporting Evidence
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Citing Sources
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Strategies for Effective Speaking
- SBA ELA - Grades 6-8: Being an Effective Listener
- Smarter Balanced Assessments - ELA Grades 6-8 Flashcards