About This Chapter
School-wide Practices to Promote Learning - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our knowledgeable instructors go over the issue of student retention and explain the positives and negatives associated with holding students back a grade. The practice of benchmarking is also reviewed. Additional lessons address systems management theory and systems-level resource mapping. The advantages and disadvantages of high-stakes testing is examined along with issues raised by the practice of social promotion. You'll find comparisons of ability grouping and tracking. Upon completing your review of this chapter you should be able to:
- Discuss student retention
- Explain organizational development
- Highlight the differences between ability grouping and tracking
- Explain zero tolerance policy
- Discuss research and organizational systems theory in school improvement
- Define high-stakes testing and the use of results
- Communicate the potential negative impact of social promotion
Watch the videos in addition to studying the text lessons for a highly engaging learning experience. You will find that the videos feature tags to make it easier to transition among different video segments. Key terms have been linked to text lessons for full coverage of the main points throughout the chapter.
1. What Is Organizational Development? - Executing Organizational Change
Organizational development is the process of helping organizations improve through change in policies, power, leadership, control or job redesign. This lesson explores organizational climate, organizational culture and organizational strategy, the three main sections of organizational development theory.
2. Systems Management Theory
Every business has to follow a process, and that process is the result of a system. The systems management theory focuses on systems and how they work and function within an organization.
3. Systems-Level Resource Mapping
In this lesson, we will discuss the kinds of systems-level resources available in the community to assist your students in removing obstacles to learning. We will cover how to identify and utilize these community systems resources to improve the school-wide response to student needs.
4. Social Promotion in Schools
In this lesson, the term 'social promotion' is defined, reasons for its implementation are stated and the potential negative consequences of it are discussed. Afterward, test what you've learned with our quick quiz
5. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
6. Benchmarking in Education: Definition & Limitation
Benchmarking is a common practice in education. What does benchmarking entail and what are its limitations? This lesson will explore these questions surrounding benchmarking.
7. What is Student Retention? - Definition & Effects
We take a look at the importance of student retention in higher education and K-12. We also examine the reasons for student retention and the positive and negative impacts.
8. Ability Grouping and Tracking in Schools: Advantages and Disadvantages
In this lesson we will discuss within class grouping and between class grouping. In addition, we will review the pros and cons of between class grouping, also known as tracking.
9. Zero Tolerance Policy in Schools
Zero tolerance policies are common in schools. This lesson will discuss the ins and outs of zero tolerance policies and will end with a brief quiz to see what you have learned.
10. Corporal Punishment in Schools: Definition & Consequences
Corporal punishment in schools has declined in recent years, but still continues to be practiced in many states. Learn how prevalent corporal punishment is, the arguments for and against it, and test your knowledge with quiz questions.
11. School-Based Interventions
In this lesson, we will examine the use of school-based interventions structured in a 3-tiered system to support students at all levels of math, reading, and behavior development.
12. School Improvement Plans
In this lesson, we will learn about school improvement plans, including what they are, the information they include, why they are needed, and the steps for creating one.
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Other chapters within the Praxis School Psychologist (5402): Practice & Study Guide course
- Problem Identification in School Psychology
- Theories of Intelligence
- Developmental Psychology & Measurement
- Assessment & Problem Analysis in School Psychology
- Knowledge of Measurement Theory & Principles
- Psychological Assessment of Special Populations
- Psychological Consultation & Collaboration in School Settings
- Developing Academic Skills
- Goal Setting & Student Motivation
- Academic Success & Failure
- Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Preventive Strategies for the Classroom
- School-Based Intervention & Techniques
- Child & Adolescent Psychopathology
- Preventive & Responsive Schools Services
- Family-School Collaboration Services
- Individual Learning Characteristics
- Effect of Cultural & Background Differences on Education
- Diversity in Development & Learning
- Education Research & Program Evaluation
- Ethical Principles in Psychology
- Legal Issues in Psychology
- Case Law in Education Psychology
- Professional Foundations: Learning Strategies
- Praxis School Psychologist Flashcards