About This Chapter
Scientific Inquiry & Methodology - Chapter Summary
Find out how much you know about scientific inquiry and methodology by reviewing this chapter's engaging video and text lessons. Learn the ways scientists collect, analyze, interpret and present information to the world. Also, examine the basics of science and steps involved in conducting experiments. When finished with this chapter, you will be able to:
- Define scientific investigation and explain its steps
- Relate the concepts of hypothesis, theory and law in science
- Describe the specifics of true experimental design
- Identify types of unavoidable experimental error
- Discuss the basic nature of science
- Detail how to interpret scientific evidence
- Explain how pattern, structure and function relate to life, physical and earth science
The instructors in this chapter present the lessons in a manner that keeps you both informed and engaged. Access them when your schedule permits via any computer, smartphone or tablet. After reviewing the lessons, feel free to acquire additional information by submitting questions to our experts. When ready, test your knowledge of scientific inquiry and methodology by taking short lesson quizzes and a comprehensive chapter exam.
1. What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples
Scientific investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around us. Read on to find out more. A quiz is provided to test your understanding.
2. Hypothesis, Theory & Law in Science
In this lesson, learn how to define hypothesis, theory, and law in science. Then, discover the ways that these ideas are related to each other and how they help us to explain the universe around us.
3. True Experimental Design
Experiments are the classic way to conduct research in almost any field of study. But do you know how true experiments really work? This lesson explains the details of experimental design, such as different types of samples, control groups and independent vs. dependent variables.
4. Identifying Sources of Unavoidable Experimental Error
Good data are essential for any experiment. But no matter how hard you try, error in your data is unavoidable. In this lesson, you'll learn about the types of unavoidable experimental error to be on the lookout for and how to reduce their occurrence in your data.
5. The Nature of Science
This lesson will explore the basic nature of science. It will distinguish science from pseudoscience and hypothesis from theory and natural law; it will give plenty of examples of each.
6. How to Interpret Scientific Evidence
Watch this video lesson to learn how you can tell whether or not your scientific data answers your question by determining what your data is telling you. Then test your new knowledge with a quiz!
7. Fundamental Scientific Concepts: Patterns, Structure, & Function
In this lesson we'll be looking at some basic concepts that run concurrently through all disciplines in science: patterns, structure and function. We'll discuss what each of these concepts mean and apply them to life, physical and Earth science.
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Other chapters within the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Science Subject Concentration (5159): Practice & Study Guide course
- Scientific Data Collection & Analysis
- Science Laboratory Equipment & Safety
- Major Developments & Historical Figures in Science
- Basic Principles of Matter & Energy
- Relationships Between Matter & Energy
- Structure of an Atom
- Interdisciplinary Applications of Energy & Matter
- Impact of Science & Technology on the Environment
- Energy Production & Resource Use
- Science & Technology Used in Everyday Life
- Science & Public Health
- Mechanics in Physics
- Analyzing Motion & Forces
- Electricity & Magnetic Forces
- Wave Characteristics & Phenomena
- Light, Sound & Waves
- Elements & The Periodic Table
- Chemical Bonding & Simple Chemical Compounds
- Interpreting Chemical Formulas
- Matter & Phase Changes
- Balancing & Using Chemical Equations
- Acid-Base Chemistry
- Understanding Solutions & Solubility
- Structure & Function of Cells & Organelles
- Understanding Biochemistry
- Understanding Genetics
- Theory & Mechanisms of Evolution
- Hierarchical Classification of Living Things
- Plant Structure & Function
- Animal & Human Anatomy & Physiology
- Basics of Ecology
- Earth's Surface Materials
- Earth's Internal Structure & Processes
- Geologic History
- Earth's Hydrosphere
- Earth's Bodies of Water
- Basics of Meteorology
- Earth's Climate & Seasons
- The Solar System & The Earth-Moon-Sun Relationship
- Galaxies & the Universe
- Space Exploration & Technology
- Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Science Subject Concentration Flashcards