About This Chapter
Scientific Inquiry & Reflection - Chapter Summary
Our instructors outline scientific inquiry and reflection in this informative chapter. You'll study the evaluation of scientific questions as well as how to choose a method for scientific investigation. These lessons also cover scientific hypothesis development, use of appropriate tools for data collection and experimental design as it's used in science. This chapter is designed to help you:
- Connect the steps of the scientific method
- Explain some of the sampling techniques used in scientific investigations
- Assess accuracy, validity and reliability in scientific sources
- Detail methods used to improve measurement reliability
- Take safety precautions and manage risks in experiments
- Define the process of scientific peer review
- Evaluate scientific arguments and draw logical conclusions from data
- Discuss some of the courses and degrees that prepare for a career in science
These engaging lessons are designed by professional instructors to ensure you are fully up to speed on scientific inquiry and reflection. For completely flexible study, you can access all of our learning tools on your mobile device or computer 24 hours a day. If you need help, you can submit questions to our experts through the Dashboard.
1. How to Evaluate Scientific Questions
Learn about what makes a good scientific and testable question. Then look at various ways to improve non-scientific questions to make them more scientific.
2. Choosing a Method for Investigating a Scientific Question
Scientists spend their lives investigating the world. But there are many ways a scientist can investigate a topic. Learn about the various methods scientists use to investigate topic, and how they choose a method by understanding their strengths and weaknesses.
3. Developing a Scientific Hypothesis
This video describes how to create a hypothesis and includes the three main things needed to create a strong hypothesis. You'll learn how to make a clear statement that can be both tested and measured.
4. Using Appropriate Tools for Scientific Tests & Data Collection
A properly run experiment depends on using the right tools, both for data collection and analysis. In the end, it will save you time, money and frustration to spend some time planning out which tools are most appropriate for your work.
5. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method
What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.
6. Connecting the Steps of the Scientific Method
While the scientific method is divided into different steps, each of those steps is connected to the others. From making observations to drawing conclusions, the logical order and flow is what makes this process work so well in science.
7. Sampling Techniques In Scientific Investigations
We can learn a lot by gathering information from a small subset of a larger group. By sampling this smaller group, scientists can save time and money while still gaining a good understanding of the population as a whole.
8. Scientific Sources: Accuracy, Reliability & Validity
It's important to use other sources to support your work, but what's even more important is to use the right ones. Sources should be valid, reliable, and accurate, but it's not always easy to tell which ones meet these criteria.
9. Methods for Improving Measurement Reliability
Reliability is the consistency of the results of a measurement tool. But, what causes a tool to have low reliability? And, what can be done to improve reliability? In this lesson, we'll answer both of those questions.
10. Understanding Risks & Taking Safety Precautions in Science Experiments
An important step in designing your experiment involves identifying and evaluating any potential safety risks. Knowing what these risks are ahead of time can help you avoid accidents and dangerous situations, which helps keep the experiment safe and fun for all.
11. What is Peer Review in Science? - Definition, Process & Examples
Interested in learning how scientific literature is fact-checked and accepted? In this lesson, you'll learn about the peer review process that happens in science. Examples of the peer review process are included to further your understanding of the lesson.
12. How to Evaluate Scientific Claims & Arguments
When you hear about the new scientific discovery, how can you be sure that it's true? Learn how to evaluate scientific claims and arguments, and then test your new skills with a quiz.
13. Drawing Logical Conclusions from Experimental Data
Experimental results are what scientists like to share with each other, but it's important to understand what those data mean. We do this in the final step of the experimental process, when we draw meaningful conclusions from the results we obtained.
14. Careers in the Sciences: Typical Courses & Degrees
Natural sciences use the scientific method to investigate concepts and ideas. This lesson will review the many types of career options and coursework a student of science can expect.
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Other chapters within the M-STEP Science - Grade 11: Test Prep & Practice course
- Earth Systems Overview
- Energy & Biochemical Cycles in Earth Systems
- Human Impacts on Earth Systems
- Advanced Rock Cycle
- The Interior of the Earth
- Plate Tectonics Theory
- Earthquakes & Volcanoes Overview
- Hydrogeology Overview
- Oceans & Climate
- Weather and Storms
- The Earth & Sun as a Part of a Galaxy
- Basics of Earth History & Geologic Time
- Climate Change
- Transformation of Matter & Energy in Cells
- Living Organism Composition
- Interdependence of Living Systems & the Environment
- Ecosystems & Populations
- DNA & Mutations
- Mitosis & Meiosis
- Evolution & Biodiversity
- Physics & the Motion of Objects
- The Physics of Forces & Motion
- Forms of Energy
- Basics of Waves
- Light, Electricity & Nuclear Reactions
- Energy Transfer & Conservation
- Properties & States of Matter
- Chemical Changes in Matter