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Ch 44: Scientific Thinking & Research

About This Chapter

This chapter covers essential elements of scientific thinking and research. Our experts have assembled lessons on the evaluation of scientific research results, concepts that are common to all science, possible career choices in science and more.

Scientific Thinking & Research - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter focus on scientific thought and investigation. Take a look at the difference between science and pseudoscience, as well as the distinction between hypothesis and natural law. Get to know how to ask good question to gain knowledge, and when to test through experimentation. Other topics include:

  • The nature of science
  • Ways of thinking in science
  • Typical degrees and courses for careers in the sciences
  • Scientific questions that can result from scientific observations
  • Steps in a scientific investigation
  • How to evaluate data from a scientific investigation
  • What scientific research is
  • Comparison of scientific research with nonscientific research
  • Common concepts shared by all branches of sciences

Lessons are both text and videos. The videos last about 5-10 minutes in length, and each comes with a full written transcript. For video lessons, the timeline tool can be used to quickly take you to any exact section you want to watch again.

9 Lessons in Chapter 44: Scientific Thinking & Research
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Nature of Science

1. The Nature of Science

This lesson will explore the basic nature of science. It will distinguish science from pseudoscience and hypothesis from theory and natural law; it will give plenty of examples of each.

Scientific Ways of Thinking

2. Scientific Ways of Thinking

Are you interested in becoming a scientist? Science is all about gaining knowledge by asking good questions, making observations, testing your ideas and drawing conclusions. With a little practice, you can learn to think like a scientist.

Careers in the Sciences: Typical Courses & Degrees

3. Careers in the Sciences: Typical Courses & Degrees

Natural sciences use the scientific method to investigate concepts and ideas. This lesson will review the many types of career options and coursework a student of science can expect.

How Scientific Observations Lead to Scientific Questioning

4. How Scientific Observations Lead to Scientific Questioning

Scientific observations are a major component of the scientific process because they lead scientists to ask questions about the world around them. These questions may then be refined with continued observation, or they may be tested through experimentation.

What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples

5. What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples

Scientific investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around us. Read on to find out more. A quiz is provided to test your understanding.

Evaluating Data from Scientific Investigation

6. Evaluating Data from Scientific Investigation

After watching this video, you will be able to explain the meaning of the terms 'accuracy' and 'reproducibility,' or precision, as they relate to science experiments. A short quiz will follow.

What is Scientific Research?

7. What is Scientific Research?

This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!

Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences

8. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences

Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?

Unifying Concepts Common to All Sciences

9. Unifying Concepts Common to All Sciences

After completing this lesson, you will be able to explain what science is and describe some concepts and ideas that are common across all sciences. A short quiz will follow.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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