About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Sectional Crisis chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Pre-Civil War conflicts over slavery||Establishment of the Republican Party, fugitive slave law, Kansas-Nebraska Act and Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin|
|Tuesday||Confrontations over slavery||Violent confrontations related to slavery, including Bloody Kansas, a cane fight between senators and John Brown's armed raid at Harper's Ferry|
|Wednesday||Presidency of John Buchanan and slavery||Slavery in relationship to the financial challenges of 1857, governmental issues in Kansas and the Supreme Court's Dred Scott vs. Sanford decision|
|Thursday||The Lincoln-Douglas debates||Illinois senatorial debates of 1858 between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas|
|Friday||Election of Abraham Lincoln and beginning of the Civil War||President Lincoln assumes office, establishment of the Confederacy and the Battle of Fort Sumter|
1. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Tension Over Slavery in the 1850s
Uncle Tom's Cabin captured the plight of slaves in the 1850s like no other book. The novel, coupled with the Missouri Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act, served to further strain the country, which was at a breaking point over the issue of slavery. This lesson details these events.
2. Bloody Kansas: Causes, Effects and Summary of Events
The events in the Kansas territory were a microcosm of the violent forces shaping the United States in the decade of the 1850s, forces that would ultimately lead to a disintegration of the Union itself. This lesson details what has come to be known as Bleeding Kansas and its impact on the issue of slavery.
3. Dred Scott v. Sanford and President Buchanan
The Dred Scott decision was one of the most important turning points in the debate over slavery in the United States. It came during the presidency of James Buchanan, a man well qualified but ill suited for the job of keeping the nation together. This lesson discusses both as we attempt to understand the dynamics that led to the American Civil War.
4. John Brown's Raid at Harpers Ferry: Fighting Slavery
John Brown was a man of strong convictions - so strong that he was willing to fight, to kill, and to die for them. These abolitionist beliefs led him from Kansas to Virginia, where he would pay the ultimate price. This lesson tells that story.
5. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858: Summary & Significance
In an effort to secure their own appointments to the U.S. Senate, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas squared off in a series of seven debates in 1858. Find out why Douglas might have won in the short term but Lincoln won in the long term.
6. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
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