About This Chapter
Sectionalism & the American Civil War - Chapter Summary
In this chapter on sectionalism and the American Civil War, engaging lessons observe the contentious 1860 presidential race and formation of the Confederate States of America. You can also get a deeper understanding of dynamics that led to the American Civil War. After going through the lessons, you should be able to do the following:
- Discuss how sectionalism divided the nation
- Explain how the Dred Scott decision affected slavery in the United States
- Recall the price that John Brown paid for his abolitionist beliefs
- Describe how Abraham Lincoln's election led to the secession of South Carolina and six other states
- Discuss the impact of the American Civil War
- Recall strategies used by the Union and the Confederacy during the war
- Explain the prisoner exchange system
- Detail how Abraham Lincoln was pitted against General George McClellan
These lessons will help you grasp key concepts related to sectionalism and the American Civil War, and you can submit questions to our instructors if you need help with anything covered. A short quiz can test your remembrance of each lesson, and the quizzes can be printed. The quizzes link to specific topics in the video lessons, so if you get a question wrong you can easily go back and review that topic.
1. Sectionalism in U.S. History: Definition & Conflict
How did the United States end up in a bloody civil war? In this lesson, we are going to explore the rising sectionalism that divided the nation in almost every way possible across the 40 years leading up to the Civil War.
2. Dred Scott v. Sanford and President Buchanan
The Dred Scott decision was one of the most important turning points in the debate over slavery in the United States. It came during the presidency of James Buchanan, a man well qualified but ill suited for the job of keeping the nation together. This lesson discusses both as we attempt to understand the dynamics that led to the American Civil War.
3. John Brown's Raid at Harpers Ferry: Fighting Slavery
John Brown was a man of strong convictions - so strong that he was willing to fight, to kill, and to die for them. These abolitionist beliefs led him from Kansas to Virginia, where he would pay the ultimate price. This lesson tells that story.
4. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
5. American Civil War: Facts, Causes & Effects
In this lesson, we will examine the American Civil War. We will explore the causes leading to the outbreak of war, examine key battles and developments, and analyze the impact of this horrible war.
6. Comparing Union & Confederate Civil War Strategies
Learn about the different strategies that the Union and the Confederacy used during the American Civil War, and how those strategies reflected their political goals.
7. The Politics of War: Legislation & Executive Actions
This lesson will explore the laws and executive actions the U.S. and Confederate governments used to support the war effort. We will also discuss the prisoner exchange system and the political opposition to the war on both sides.
8. The Politics of 1864: President Abraham Lincoln is Re-Elected
In this lesson, we will explore the turbulent political landscape of 1864, focusing especially on that year's presidential campaign that pitted incumbent Abraham Lincoln against General George McClellan.
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Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
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- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Ancient India & China
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Overview of Global Religions
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
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- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- Major Revolutions Around the World
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
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- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
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- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
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- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
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- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
- Characteristics of World Geography
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- Elements of Weather & Climate
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