About This Chapter
Sectionalism & the Start of the Civil War - Chapter Summary
With this chapter, you can reinforce what you have already studied or learn new facts about this major event in U.S. history. Learn about the political and economic events that drove the North and South apart and discover how these differences festered into the start of the Civil War.
The lessons focus on the ways in which views on slavery and economic changes in the North impacted the relationship between the North and South. You'll also get information about attacks that escalated the war. After reviewing these lessons, you should have developed the following abilities:
- Detail the commercial development of the North that led to a separation from the agricultural-based South
- Recount the history of slavery in the U.S.
- Describe the tension over slavery fueled by the fictional work of Uncle Tom's Cabin and the legislation of the Fugitive Slave Act
- Discuss the impact of the Dred Scott case on the slavery debate
- Understand how the election of President Lincoln led to the secession of southern states
- Relate the official start of the Civil War with the Battle of Fort Sumter
- Compare the North's and South's advantages in the war and how these led to a prolonged conflict
- Relate the geological importance of groundwater
- Provide details about the first major battle of the Civil War and its consequences
Short and informational videos provide examples and easy-to-follow details that make learning this material fun. You can determine how much you have learned and what topics you might need to further review by taking self-assessment quizzes that appear at the end of each lesson. Track your progress on a Dashboard and even contact instructors with any questions about the material addressed in this chapter.
1. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution
In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.
2. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response
The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.
3. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Tension Over Slavery in the 1850s
Uncle Tom's Cabin captured the plight of slaves in the 1850s like no other book. The novel, coupled with the Missouri Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act, served to further strain the country, which was at a breaking point over the issue of slavery. This lesson details these events.
4. Dred Scott v. Sanford and President Buchanan
The Dred Scott decision was one of the most important turning points in the debate over slavery in the United States. It came during the presidency of James Buchanan, a man well qualified but ill suited for the job of keeping the nation together. This lesson discusses both as we attempt to understand the dynamics that led to the American Civil War.
5. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
6. The Battle of Fort Sumter & the Start of the Civil War
South Carolina's attack on a U.S. military outpost triggered the American Civil War. Learn more about the Battle of Fort Sumter and the consequences of the fort's surrender to the Confederacy.
7. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
8. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Social Studies Subject Concentration (5157): Practice & Study Guide course
- Early United States History Overview
- Causes & Impact of the Revolutionary War
- United States Constitution & Bill of Rights
- United States Territorial Expansion
- The Importance of Manifest Destiny
- End of the Civil War & Reconstruction
- Industrialization, Urbanization & Immigration
- The Progressive Era & Amendments
- World War I Summary
- United States in the 1920s
- The Great Depression & the New Deal
- World War II Summary
- Understanding the Cold War
- The Post-Cold War World
- The United States (1940s-1960s)
- The United States (1970s-1990s)
- Technology in the Late 20th Century
- History of Pennsylvania
- Early Civilizations Overview
- Classical Civilizations Overview
- Civilizations & Change
- Early Eastern Religions Overview
- Renaissance, Reformation & Enlightenment Periods
- Global Interactions (1200-1750)
- Revolutions & Imperialism (1750-1914)
- Terrorism & the United States
- United States Government: Foundations & Structure
- Branches of the U.S. Government
- United States Election Process
- Political Parties, Interest Groups, Bureaucracy & Media
- Rights, Responsibilities & Duties of U.S. Citizens
- American Political Systems & Ideologies
- Economics, Taxation & GDP
- The Federal Reserve System
- Personal Finance & Investments
- Geography, Maps & Waterways
- Physical Geography of Earth
- The Environment & Human Activity
- Human Geography & Migration
- Political Geography & Geographic Factors
- Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Social Studies Subject Concentration Flashcards