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Ch 4: Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy

About This Chapter

Explore these entertaining lessons to discover or get reacquainted with philosophical theories examining the self, mind and soul. Check your comprehension of these theories and ensure you're ready to excel on a test, assignment or project by taking short quizzes and a practice exam.

Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy - Chapter Summary

Theories regarding the self, mind and soul have generated conversation and controversy since the time of the ancient Greek philosophers. In this chapter, fun lessons will teach you about some of the most well-known philosophical views on the relationship between the mind and body and human perceptions of self. Multiple-choice quizzes and a practice exam make it easy to gauge your knowledge of these views, while our Dashboard tracks your progress through this chapter and lets you submit any questions to our experts. When you've finished, you will be able to:

  • Define and share philosophies on personal identity
  • Describe philosophical arguments related to the mind and body
  • Detail the ideas of Socrates, Plato and Augustine regarding the immortal soul
  • Outline Eastern views on the existence and nature of the self
  • Share Rene Descartes' views on the self and consciousness
  • Summarize John Locke's perspective on personal identity
  • Discuss David Hume on the lack of self and Immanuel Kant's metaphysics of the self
  • Explain how Gilbert Ryle theorized the self and behavior
  • Provide details about Paul Churchland's theories of the self as the brain
  • Detail Maurice Merleau-Ponty's perspective on the self as embodied subjectivity

11 Lessons in Chapter 4: Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Personal Identity? - Definition, Philosophy & Development

1. What Is Personal Identity? - Definition, Philosophy & Development

This lesson explores philosophies of personal identity and digs into several key theories on this topic. You will think about questions of human existence that have been debated throughout history and are still debated today.

The Mind-Body Problem in Philosophy

2. The Mind-Body Problem in Philosophy

This lesson will highlight the philosophical arguments concerning the mind and the body. It will define dualism and materialism as well as citing the works of Descartes, Ryle, and Churchland.

The Immortal Soul: Ideas of Socrates, Plato & Augustine

3. The Immortal Soul: Ideas of Socrates, Plato & Augustine

This lesson will explore the concept of the soul as an immortal object. In doing so, it will highlight the theories of Socrates, Plato, and Augustine. It will also define dualism.

Existence & Nature of the Self in Eastern Philosophy

4. Existence & Nature of the Self in Eastern Philosophy

Are we all different and independent, or are all people part of one whole? In this lesson, we'll examine what Eastern philosophy and religion, including Hinduism and Buddhism, believe about the self.

The Self According to Rene Descartes

5. The Self According to Rene Descartes

This lesson will discuss Rene Descartes's ideas about the self and consciousness. In doing this, we will define dualism and discuss the critiques offered by Gilbert Ryle.

John Locke on Personal Identity

6. John Locke on Personal Identity

This lesson explains John Locke's theories on personal identity. In doing so, it highlights the prince and pauper argument as well as the day man and night man theory.

David Hume & the Lack of Self

7. David Hume & the Lack of Self

This lesson will discuss David Hume's lack of self concept. In doing this, it will explore his assertions about impressions versus ideas as well as his famous bundle theory.

Immanuel Kant's Metaphysics of the Self

8. Immanuel Kant's Metaphysics of the Self

This lesson will focus on Kant's views of the self. It will highlight empiricism and rationalism and Kant's critiques of both. In addition, it will define apperception and representation.

Self & Behavior According to Gilbert Ryle

9. Self & Behavior According to Gilbert Ryle

This lesson will explain the theories of Gilbert Ryle as they pertain to self and behavior. We'll highlight his idea of the ghost in the machine, as well as category mistakes.

The Self as the Brain According to Paul Churchland

10. The Self as the Brain According to Paul Churchland

This lesson will explain Paul Churchland's theories about the mind and the brain. In doing so, it will highlight dualism and materialism as well as eliminative materialism.

Merleau-Ponty: The Self as Embodied Subjectivity

11. Merleau-Ponty: The Self as Embodied Subjectivity

This lesson will explore Maurice Merleau-Ponty's views on perception, action, and self. It will also highlight his critiques of rationalism and empiricism.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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