About This Chapter
Sentence Structure: Elements of Grammar - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
One of the very basic concepts you have to know before you can write anything is the parts of speech, such as nouns and pronouns. Understanding these elements of grammar will help you to ensure that your writing is grammatically correct. It's not enough to just know what a noun is or what an article is. You also have to know how to use them correctly, and for every part of speech in the English language, there are correct and incorrect ways to use them. In this chapter, the concepts of nouns, pronouns, verbs, contractions, adjectives, antecedents and articles will be covered, along with other common elements of grammar. Some of the things you'll learn include:
- The four types of nouns
- Types of pronouns
- What a linking verb is
- How adjectives are used
- The differences between indefinite and definite articles
- What a misplaced modifier is
|Nouns: People, Places, Things & Ideas||Discover what a noun is and the different types of nouns you will come across.|
|Singular & Plural Nouns: Definitions, Rules & Examples||Learn the difference and rules of singular and plural nouns.|
|Possessive Nouns: Definition, Rules & Examples||Explore the rules of possessive nouns.|
|Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive||Examine the difference in the different types of pronouns.|
|What are Personal Pronouns?||Find out the characteristics of personal pronouns.|
|Nouns as Subjects in a Sentence||Discover how nouns work as subjects in sentences.|
|Possessive pronouns & Contractions: Definition & Examples||Analyze the differences between possessive pronouns and contractions.|
|Antecedents: Definition & Examples||See how antecedents relate to nouns and pronouns.|
|Compound Antecedents: Definition & Examples||Examine the definitions of compound antecedents.|
|Number Agreement of Personal Pronouns & Antecedents||Explore the importance of number agreement with personal pronouns and antecedents.|
|The Absence of Antecedents: Rationale & Examples||Discover how and why pronouns are used without antecedents.|
|Verbs & linking Verbs: Definition, Function & Examples||Find out the function of verbs and linking verbs.|
|Adjectives: Definition, Rules & Examples||Analyze how adjectives are used.|
|Articles: A, An & The||Study the difference between indefinite and definite articles.|
1. What Are Nouns? - Definition, Types & Examples
A noun is a part of speech that identifies a person, place, thing, or idea. In this lesson, in addition to learning how to identify nouns, you'll learn the difference between proper and common nouns and a bit about how nouns function in sentences.
2. Singular & Plural Nouns: Definitions, Rules & Examples
This video takes a look at how singular nouns are turned into plural nouns. Check it out to learn about regular and irregular plurals as well as important definitions, rules, and exceptions.
3. What Are Possessive Nouns? - Examples, Definition & Types
This video explains what you need to know to use apostrophes to make singular and plural nouns possessive. You'll also learn how to avoid mixing up your plurals and possessives.
4. What Are Collective Nouns?
In this lesson, you'll find out what collective nouns are as well as how to ensure that you're using the right verbs and pronouns in sentences that contain them.
5. What Are Pronouns? - Types, Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we'll learn about pronouns in general, and take a look at two types of personal pronouns: subjective case and objective case pronouns. Knowing which case of pronoun you'll need can help you avoid common pronoun errors.
6. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive
In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.
7. Using Nouns as the Subject of a Sentence: Grammar Rules & Examples
A subject is an essential part of a sentence. This video explains the role that subjects play in sentences, how nouns work as subjects and the various types of subjects.
8. Possessive Pronouns & Contractions: Definition & Examples
In writing, many people get possessive pronouns and contractions confused. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two, as well as how to use apostrophes in order to form contractions.
9. What is an Antecedent? - Definition, Meaning & Examples
If you have a pronoun in a sentence, you'll also need to have an antecedent. In this lesson, find out what an antecedent is as well as some of the basic rules for avoiding vague pronoun references and for making sure that you have pronoun-antecedent agreement.
10. Compound Antecedents: Definition & Examples
You may know already that an antecedent and its pronoun must agree in number. In this lesson, you'll learn about compound antecedents and the various rules involving how they can be made to agree with pronouns.
11. Personal Pronouns and Antecedents: Number Agreement
In this lesson, you'll learn how to avoid one of the most common grammatical mistakes in writing by learning how to ensure that all of the antecedents in your writing agree in number with the pronouns that they're matched up with.
12. Action, Linking and Auxiliary Verbs: Definitions, Functions & Examples
Do you think that a verb is just a verb? Check out this lesson to learn about the differences among action verbs, linking verbs, and auxiliary/helping verbs.
13. Verb Forms: Participles & Infinitives
Using verbs correctly involves knowing more than just how to express action in a sentence. This lesson will show you a few special types of verb forms - infinitives, present participles, and past participles - as well as how to use them.
14. Comparison of Adjectives & Adverbs: Examples, Sentences & Exercises
Adjectives and adverbs are descriptive words that allow our sentences to be much more specific and interesting than they would be without them. This lesson covers the rules for using adjectives and adverbs correctly, including those used in comparisons.
15. Indefinite and Definite Articles: Definition and Examples
Watch this video lesson on indefinite and definite articles. Find out when you should use which type of article and when you shouldn't use any article at all.
16. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?
I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.
17. Active and Passive Voice
You may have heard your teachers toss around the terms 'passive voice' and 'active voice'. But if you've never really understood what it means to write actively or passively, stick with us -- and learn how to turn to awkward passive sentences into bright, active ones.
18. What are Predicates? - Definition and Examples
A predicate is a necessary component of each sentence, so it's important to know what one is and how to identify one. This lesson goes over the basics of predicates as well as how knowing about them can help answer other grammatical questions.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Comprehensive English: Overview & Practice course
- Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar
- Essay Basics: Types of Essay
- Essay Basics: Writing an Essay
- Writing Mechanics
- The Writing Process: Development & Planning
- The Writing Process: Writing & Structuring an Essay
- The Writing Process: Revision & Improving Your Essay
- Reading and Understanding Essays: Help & Tutorial
- Interpreting Theme & Meaning
- Figurative Language
- Examples of Literary Analysis