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Ch 2: Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar chapter of this NY Regents Exam - Comprehensive English Help and Review course is the simplest way to master sentence structure and grammar. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of sentence structure and grammar.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering comprehensive English material for the NY Regents Exam will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn comprehensive English. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding verb tense, point of view or sentence structure
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning English (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about sentence structure and grammar
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra English learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the sentence structure and understanding grammar chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the sentence structure and understanding grammar chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any sentence structure and grammar question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a sentence structure and understanding grammar unit of a standard NY Regents Exam - Comprehensive English course. Topics covered include:

  • Independent and dependent clauses
  • Sentence fragments and comma splices
  • Subject and object pronouns
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Coordinating and correlative conjunctions
  • Parallelism
  • Mixed structure errors
  • Gerunds

13 Lessons in Chapter 2: Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

1. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

The independent clause, the simplest type of sentence, can be joined with dependent clauses or other independent clauses to add greater context. Explore dependent and independent clauses and how to use subordinating and coordinating conjunctions.

Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

2. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

Well-written documents are free of problems like fragmented sentences, comma splices, and run-on sentences. Learn about these grammatical issues, understand why they detract from the quality of written work, and explore ways to write documents that are grammatically correct.

How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

3. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

The subject is the main character of a sentence, while the verb is the action he/she is taking or the state he/she is in. Learn how to identify the subject and verb of a sentence, even in sentences with multiple subjects and verbs or written in passive voice, explore the different types of subjects, including simple subjects, complete subjects, compound subjects, and implied subjects, and check how to use pronouns.

Point of View: First, Second & Third Person

4. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person

A point of view is defined as the perspective that a work--such as a dialogue--is written. Learn about the differences between the first, second, and third point of view, and how to properly use and identify them in writing.

Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

5. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

Subject-verb agreement is when plural verbs are used with plural nouns and pronouns, and singular verbs are used with singular nouns and pronouns. Learn about uncommon group and singular nouns, indefinite pronouns, and how to use proper subject-verb agreement for grammatically correct writing.

Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

6. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

When a document includes incorrect verb tenses and/or subject-verb agreements, it reads poorly. Learn about these grammatical problems and explore ways to create written documents with proper verb tenses and subject-verb agreements.

Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative

7. Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative

A word or certain pair of words that joins other words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence is called a conjunction, of which there are two types. Learn what conjunctions are, and explore the two types: coordinating and correlative.

Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

8. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

A parallel structure can make sentences, whether they are comparisons, lists, or conjunctions, sound better as each sentence maintains a consistent structure throughout. Learn about parallelism and how to write and identify parallel sentences.

Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences

9. Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences

Authors may accidentally change the structure of a sentence halfway through, creating a mixed sentence structure error. Learn about the rules of sentence structure and discover how to identify, correct, and avoid writing sentences with mixed structures.

Compound-Complex Sentence: Definition & Examples

10. Compound-Complex Sentence: Definition & Examples

A compound-complex sentence contains two or more complete sentences joined with conjunctions and at least one incomplete sentence. Explore some examples of compound-complex sentences and learn how best to use them.

Demonstrative Pronouns: Definition & Examples

11. Demonstrative Pronouns: Definition & Examples

Demonstrative pronouns are written in place of a noun and are used to refer to the noun. Learn about the definition of demonstrative pronouns and adjectives, and explore examples of demonstrative pronouns and adjectives in sentences.

Base Words: Definition & Examples

12. Base Words: Definition & Examples

Base words, also known as roots, notate the basic meaning of the entire word, modified by affixes. Learn how base words are used in language, and see examples of several challenging words.

Conditional Words: Definition & Examples

13. Conditional Words: Definition & Examples

Conditional words are words that link clauses in sentences that establish limits or conditions. Learn about the definition of conditional words and conditional clauses, and explore common examples.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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More Exams
There are even more practice exams available in Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar: Help and Review.
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