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Ch 46: Settlement Patterns - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Explore the short and engaging lessons in this chapter to enhance you preparations for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science assessment. Refresh your knowledge of settlement patterns, then test what you've learned with short quizzes.

Settlement Patterns: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Summary

You can use the lessons in this chapter to get reacquainted with settlement patterns, one of the subject areas covered on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science assessment. After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Describe how the environment impacted settlement patterns
  • Explain the functions and types of settlements
  • Share why downtown is known as the central business district
  • Discuss the characteristics of inner cities and suburbs in the United States
  • Examine land use and activities within cities
  • Analyze world urbanization and models of urban structure in the U.S.
  • Identify models of non-urban structure in the U.S. and discuss the distribution of people in rural settlements

The lessons can be viewed in video form, or read and printed as transcripts. You can use them to create or add to an existing study guide as you organize your preparatory materials for the exam.

Settlement Patterns: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Objectives

Oregon requires educators to take and pass the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science assessment in order to secure the licensure needed to teach the subject in classrooms. The test consists of 150 multiple-choice questions that explore geography and culture, history, economics and government. Topics in this chapter are found in the geography and culture content domain of the exam, which constitutes about 19% of the total test.

In addition to exploring the lessons in this chapter, study for the test by taking self-assessment quizzes and a chapter exam that gauge your readiness to answer questions related to settlement patterns. Doing so enhances your chances of earning the minimum passing score of 227.

11 Lessons in Chapter 46: Settlement Patterns - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Environmental Influences on Human Settlements & Activities

1. Environmental Influences on Human Settlements & Activities

After watching this video, you will be able to explain the environmental reasons why humans settled where they did, both historically and more recently. A short quiz will follow.

Human Settlements: Definition & Functions

2. Human Settlements: Definition & Functions

People don't live in a vacuum. We live with other people. Watch this lesson to find out about human settlements, including the two major types, and some of the functions and benefits of living with others, instead of on your own.

Types of Human Settlements: Definitions & Comparisons

3. Types of Human Settlements: Definitions & Comparisons

Most people don't live completely alone. They live in cities, towns, and rural areas near others. In this lesson, we'll examine types of human settlements, including common settlement designations and some of the challenges in categorizing settlements.

Downtown, the Central Business District: Land Use Issues in the U.S. & Abroad

4. Downtown, the Central Business District: Land Use Issues in the U.S. & Abroad

When people picture a city skyline, they are often picturing the downtown area. In this lesson, we'll explore downtown areas, including their relationship to the central business district of a city and characteristics of them.

U.S. Inner Cities: Characteristics & Challenges

5. U.S. Inner Cities: Characteristics & Challenges

When people use the phrase 'inner city,' what do they mean? What is the inner city? Watch this lesson to find out the formal and euphamistic definitions of inner city, including characteristics of and some issues facing inner city neighborhoods.

Suburbs in the U.S.: Characteristics & Common Issues

6. Suburbs in the U.S.: Characteristics & Common Issues

Many people want to live near a city but prefer the quiet and space offered outside the city. In this lesson, we'll explore suburbs in the United States, including the peripheral model, and trends, characteristics, and common issues of suburbs.

City Land Use: Economy, Social Factors & Government

7. City Land Use: Economy, Social Factors & Government

Land is at a premium in urban areas, and choices have to be made about how to use different parcels of city land. In this lesson, we'll look at different factors that affect city land use, including government, physical, social, and economic factors.

The Rise of Urban Societies & Current Patterns of Urbanization

8. The Rise of Urban Societies & Current Patterns of Urbanization

People live in many different places: cities, suburbs, and the country. In this lesson, we'll look at historical and modern trends having to do with cities, including how the Industrial Revolution and urban renewal programs impacted urban populations.

U.S. Urban Structures: Concentric Zone, Sector & Multiple Nuclei Models

9. U.S. Urban Structures: Concentric Zone, Sector & Multiple Nuclei Models

How are cities organized? This is a central question that has been explored for almost a century. In this lesson, we'll look at three of the common models to explain urban structures in America: the Burgess model, the sector model, and the multiple nuclei model.

Urban Structure Models: United States vs. Abroad

10. Urban Structure Models: United States vs. Abroad

Much of the world's population lives in cities. But are they the same all over the world? In this lesson, we'll take a look at urban areas, including how different countries define an urban area and demographic differences in cities around the world.

Distribution of People in Rural Settlements

11. Distribution of People in Rural Settlements

People live in many different environments, from big cities to isolation in the country. Watch this lesson to find out more about rural settlements, including the difference in urban and rural settlements and the pros and cons of rural settlements.

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course

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