About This Chapter
Settlement Patterns - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter is designed to broaden your view of geography and develop your understanding of cities and suburbs in an environmental context. The chapter will begin with a discussion of cities as permanent settlements, including the agricultural and climate-related developments that made them possible. You'll also have the opportunity to learn about the unique characteristics of inner cities in the United States. Urban development and trends around the world will also be discussed, including how other cities in the world compare to our own.
Additional topics include the geography of the suburbs, as well as how population is distributed in rural areas. When you've finished watching the videos and taking the online self-assessments, you should have an understanding of the following topics:
- How settlements benefit human beings, including the different types
- How cities developed and evolved
- The central business district as a geographical area
- The geographical properties of cities and suburbs
- Urban land use
- Domestic and international models of urban structure
|Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented||Describe how agriculture and the end of the ice age combined to make cities possible. Understand cities as a new environment with their own opportunities and challenges.|
|Settlements: Definition and Functions||Define the term settlement and the advantages of living in a settlement.|
|Types of Settlements||Compare the different types of settlements.|
|Downtown: Central Business District||Discuss why geographers refer to downtown areas as central business districts, including their land use inside and outside of the United States. Understand the competition for land use in central business districts.|
|Cities in the United States||Define the geographical characteristics of the inner city, including its economic, physical and social challenges.|
|Suburbs in the United States||Describe the geographical characteristics of the suburbs, including issues related to the peripheral model, suburban segregation, transportation and urban expansion.|
|The Distribution of Land Use and Activities within Cities||Discuss the relationship between land use distributions and how it can be affected by the economy, government actions or social factors.|
|World Urbanization||Describe the rise of urban societies, and summarize current trends in urbanization.|
|Models of Urban Structure in the United States||Understand how people are distributed within urban areas, including the concentric zone, multiple nuclei and sector models.|
|Models of Urban Structure Outside of the United States||Explain how American urban areas differ from those found abroad.|
|Distribution of People in Rural Settlements||Summarize how people are distributed within rural areas.|
1. Human Settlements: Definition & Functions
People don't live in a vacuum. We live with other people. Watch this lesson to find out about human settlements, including the two major types, and some of the functions and benefits of living with others, instead of on your own.
2. Distribution of People in Rural Settlements
People live in many different environments, from big cities to isolation in the country. Watch this lesson to find out more about rural settlements, including the difference in urban and rural settlements and the pros and cons of rural settlements.
3. Types of Human Settlements: Definitions & Comparisons
Most people don't live completely alone. They live in cities, towns, and rural areas near others. In this lesson, we'll examine types of human settlements, including common settlement designations and some of the challenges in categorizing settlements.
4. City Land Use: Economy, Social Factors & Government
Land is at a premium in urban areas, and choices have to be made about how to use different parcels of city land. In this lesson, we'll look at different factors that affect city land use, including government, physical, social, and economic factors.
5. Suburbs in the U.S.: Characteristics & Common Issues
Many people want to live near a city but prefer the quiet and space offered outside the city. In this lesson, we'll explore suburbs in the United States, including the peripheral model, and trends, characteristics, and common issues of suburbs.
6. The Rise of Urban Societies & Current Patterns of Urbanization
People live in many different places: cities, suburbs, and the country. In this lesson, we'll look at historical and modern trends having to do with cities, including how the Industrial Revolution and urban renewal programs impacted urban populations.
7. U.S. Inner Cities: Characteristics & Challenges
When people use the phrase 'inner city,' what do they mean? What is the inner city? Watch this lesson to find out the formal and euphamistic definitions of inner city, including characteristics of and some issues facing inner city neighborhoods.
8. Urban Structure Models: United States vs. Abroad
Much of the world's population lives in cities. But are they the same all over the world? In this lesson, we'll take a look at urban areas, including how different countries define an urban area and demographic differences in cities around the world.
9. Metropolitan Area, Physical City & City Center
Millions of people live in cities around the world, but what exactly are the different sections of an urban area? In this lesson, we'll explore the components of an urban area, including metropolitan area, physical city, and city center.
10. Downtown, the Central Business District: Land Use Issues in the U.S. & Abroad
When people picture a city skyline, they are often picturing the downtown area. In this lesson, we'll explore downtown areas, including their relationship to the central business district of a city and characteristics of them.
11. U.S. Urban Structures: Concentric Zone, Sector & Multiple Nuclei Models
How are cities organized? This is a central question that has been explored for almost a century. In this lesson, we'll look at three of the common models to explain urban structures in America: the Burgess model, the sector model, and the multiple nuclei model.
12. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented
In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.
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Other chapters within the Geography 101: Human & Cultural Geography course
- Introduction to Human & Cultural Geography
- The Geography of Languages, Religions, and Material Culture
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Ethnicity & Geography
- Geography of Land Resources
- Spatial Processes
- Modern Economic Systems
- Political Geography
- Impacts of Humans on the Environment
- Renewable Resources
- Nonrenewable Resources
- Food and Agriculture
- Studying for Geography 101