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Ch 2: Settling North America & the Colonies

About This Chapter

Watch engaging online history video lessons and take quick quizzes to learn about early North American settlements, the 13 original colonies and more.

Settling North America & the Colonies - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

This chapter's video lessons can help you explore the fates of failed settlements alongside the harsh realities faced by early inhabitants who survived. Watch as this eclectic collection of religious reformers, indentured servants, debtors and wealthy investors developed colonies with their own unique social structures and economies. This chapter is designed to teach you the following:

  • Competing settlement claims in North America
  • Characteristics of Southern, Middle and Northern colonies
  • Triangular trade and the growth of slavery
  • Colonies' role in the British mercantilist system
  • Impact of European events on America

Video Objective
North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England Profiles influential French and English explorers, their motives for sailing to the New World and the fates of the earliest settlements in Roanoke and Popham.
The Settlement of Jamestown Colony Details problems facing the new settlement. Explains how tobacco saved the struggling colony and led to America's first form of representative government.
New France, New Netherlands & New Sweden: North American Settlements Outlines the locations of French, Dutch and Swedish claims in North America and their competition for a foothold in the New World.
The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock Settlement Discusses the arrival of the Mayflower, the creation of the Mayflower Compact and the colonists' interactions with the Wampanoag.
The Puritans and the Founding of the New England Colonies Illustrates characteristics of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire.
The Southern Colonies: Settlement and Growth Depicts the social structures and economies of Maryland, Virginia, Georgia and the Carolinas.
The Middle Colonies: New York, Delaware, New Jersey & Pennsylvania Shows how the settlements of New Netherland and New Sweden became New York and New Jersey. Discusses William Penn's role in the formation of Pennsylvania and Delaware.
The 13 Colonies: Life in Early America Explores the communities and economies characteristic of the Northern, Middle and Southern colonies.
Rise of Slave Trade: Black History in Colonial America Describes slavery in Africa, the Middle Passage and factors contributing to the growth of slavery in the colonies. Provides an overview of slave life and culture and examines populations of free African Americans.
The 13 Colonies: Developing Economy & Overseas Trade Identifies colonies' role in the mercantilist system and their response to British economic regulations restricting trade.
The 13 Colonies: World Events that Influenced Colonial America Examines the impact of such events as the English Restoration, the Dominion of New England, England's Glorious Revolution and the formation of the United Kingdom.

11 Lessons in Chapter 2: Settling North America & the Colonies
North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England

1. North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England

Between 1497 and 1607, the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for 100 years in South America. Learn about influential explorers and their failed attempts to establish their own New World colonies.

The Settlement of Jamestown Colony

2. The Settlement of Jamestown Colony

In 1607, the London Company settled the colony of Jamestown. The settlers overcame many odds to become the first permanent, English settlement in North America. In this lesson, learn about the failures and successes of Jamestown before it was taken over by the Crown.

New France, New Netherlands & New Sweden: North American Settlements

3. New France, New Netherlands & New Sweden: North American Settlements

Spain and England weren't the only European nations trying to establish colonies in the New World. The French had a foothold for more than a century, and the Dutch and Swedish fought for their own places in America.

The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock Settlement

4. The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock Settlement

Find out how much you know about the Pilgrims and their voyage. In this lesson, you'll learn about the misplaced Plymouth Colony, its escaped indentured servants, and the Wampanoag Indians who saved their lives.

The Puritans and the Founding of the New England Colonies

5. The Puritans and the Founding of the New England Colonies

Learn about the people and motives that led to the founding of Massachusetts Bay Colony, as well as the growth and internal dissent that led to the establishment of Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire.

The Southern Colonies: Settlement and Growth

6. The Southern Colonies: Settlement and Growth

What led to the use of slavery and the creation of different colonies? In this lesson, learn about the unique purposes and patterns of settlement, growth and society in the southern colonies (Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia).

The Middle Colonies: New York, Delaware, New Jersey & Pennsylvania

7. The Middle Colonies: New York, Delaware, New Jersey & Pennsylvania

Learn about the unique identity and diversity of the middle colonies that led America to be called a melting pot. English control of the middle colonies began with the takeover of New Netherland, from which all of the other middle colonies can trace their beginnings.

The 13 Colonies: Life in Early America

8. The 13 Colonies: Life in Early America

What was it like to live in America during the colonial period? Just like today, it depended where you were. Learn about the factors that categorized all of the American colonies, as well as the differences between the northern, middle and southern colonies.

Rise of Slave Trade: Black History in Colonial America

9. Rise of Slave Trade: Black History in Colonial America

In this lesson, you'll learn a little about the slave trade, the growth and characteristics of slavery in the colonial period - including laws regulating the institution and the population of free blacks in the English colonies.

The 13 Colonies: Developing Economy & Overseas Trade

10. The 13 Colonies: Developing Economy & Overseas Trade

England's intention had always been for the colonies to make them rich. The plan worked, but it became more difficult for England to make sure things stayed that way. And even with regulation, the colonies prospered, too.

The 13 Colonies: World Events that Influenced Colonial America

11. The 13 Colonies: World Events that Influenced Colonial America

How come New York seems like part of the Northeast instead of a Middle colony? Where did the Amish come from? What gave colonists the idea that they had a right to representation when there was a king? What's the difference between England and Great Britain? If these were English colonies, how come so many Americans say they have Scottish or Scots-Irish ancestry? This lesson answers these questions and other mysteries of American history.

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