About This Chapter
Sex and Gender in Society - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
A person's sexual orientation and/or gender can dictate how they fit into society. After watching this series of brief video lessons on sex and gender in society, you should be able to do the following:
- Differentiate between sex and gender.
- Explain that there are sexual identities beyond just male and female.
- Discuss the influence of culture on gender roles.
- Identify various types of sexism.
- Outline different types of family arrangements.
|Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics||Learn the difference between sex and gender. Define primary vs. secondary sex characteristics, as well as intersexual, transsexual and different sexual orientations. Explore Kinsey's scale of sexual preference.|
|Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views||Discuss views of gender is Israeli kibbutzes. Learn about Margaret Mead's research on gender in New Guinea. Explore George Murdock's research on masculine/feminine tasks.|
|Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms||Define patriarchy and matriarchy. List and define various forms of sexism, including old-fashioned, modern and ambivalent, including benevolent and hostile.|
|Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts||Define and explain incest, endogamy vs. exogamy, and polygamy vs. polygyny vs. polyandry.|
|Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints||Discuss different views of sexual controversies, including teen pregnancy, birth control (including China's one-child policy), pornography and prostitution.|
|Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts||Explore gender differences in income, housework, education, politics and the military.|
|Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences||Define rape, incest, sexual assault and domestic violence. Discuss gender differences in victims and perpetrators. Learn about resources for both sexes relevant to these crimes.|
|Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment||Define sexual harassment. Distinguish between 'quid pro quo' and 'hostile environment' harassment.|
|Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical||Learn about feminism in general. Describe differences among liberal, socialist, cultural and radical feminism.|
1. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
Sex and gender can be complicated topics. Learn about sex and gender in society, and explore differences, preferences, and characteristics. Understand non-traditional genders, as well as sexual orientation.
2. Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views
In cultures around the world, individuals are expected to behave in certain ways and fulfill certain roles based on gender. Learn about various views on gender by reviewing the perspectives of scholars such as Margaret Mead and George Murdock. Understand global views on gender by exploring Israeli kibbutzim, pre-industrial societies, and New Guinea.
3. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms
Most of the time, sexism benefits men over women, and it contributes to maintaining the patriarchal system. Learn the definition of patriarchy and its opposite, matriarchy, explore how sexism benefits men, and discover the several different types of sexism, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent, and ambivalent.
4. Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts
Sexism and gender differences can be seen in several different contexts within most modern societies. Learn how institutional sexism perpetuates advantages for one sex over the other in four general areas: the workplace, family life at home, politics, and the military.
5. Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts
Each culture has its own socially accepted romantic practices and sexual relationships. Explore many types of relationships among cultures, including some that are considered more or less acceptable in different cultures, learn the definition of nuclear and extended families, discover the concepts of exogamy and endogamy, and discover the different forms of marriage that can exist, including monogamy and different forms of polygamy.
6. Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints
Differing viewpoints on sexuality is one source of controversies in society. Explore sexual controversies and understand differing viewpoints on topics such as teen pregnancy, birth control, pornography, and prostitution.
7. Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences
Some types of crime are especially painful due to their highly personal nature. Explore the definition of three forms of violence against women and men, including sexual assault, rape, and domestic violence, and review some basic statistics and the role of gender differences in these crimes.
8. Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment
Sexual harassment is defined as unwelcome, repetitive, and deliberate sexual comments, gestures, or physical contact. Sexual harassment can occur in the workplace or in power dynamic relationships. Learn about sexual harassment and the difference between quid pro quo and hostile environment harassment.
9. Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical
Feminism is an ideology and movement that advocates the equality of men and women in political, economical, and social matters. Learn about different types of feminism such as radical, socialist, cultural, and liberal feminism.
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Other chapters within the Sociology 101: Intro to Sociology course
- Introduction to Sociology: The Basics
- Key Sociology Theorists
- Sociology Research Methods
- Foundations of Society
- Theories of Individual Social Development
- Social Groups & Organizations
- Multiculturalism & Cultural Relativism
- Inequality and Divergence in Society
- Race and Ethnicity in Society
- Aging in Society
- Economics and Politics
- Social Institutions
- Social Change Over Time
- Studying for Sociology 101