About This Chapter
Sex and Gender in Society - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
A person's sexual orientation and/or gender can dictate how they fit into society. After watching this series of brief video lessons on sex and gender in society, you should be able to do the following:
- Differentiate between sex and gender.
- Explain that there are sexual identities beyond just male and female.
- Discuss the influence of culture on gender roles.
- Identify various types of sexism.
- Outline different types of family arrangements.
|Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics||Learn the difference between sex and gender. Define primary vs. secondary sex characteristics, as well as intersexual, transsexual and different sexual orientations. Explore Kinsey's scale of sexual preference.|
|Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views||Discuss views of gender is Israeli kibbutzes. Learn about Margaret Mead's research on gender in New Guinea. Explore George Murdock's research on masculine/feminine tasks.|
|Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms||Define patriarchy and matriarchy. List and define various forms of sexism, including old-fashioned, modern and ambivalent, including benevolent and hostile.|
|Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts||Define and explain incest, endogamy vs. exogamy, and polygamy vs. polygyny vs. polyandry.|
|Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints||Discuss different views of sexual controversies, including teen pregnancy, birth control (including China's one-child policy), pornography and prostitution.|
|Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts||Explore gender differences in income, housework, education, politics and the military.|
|Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences||Define rape, incest, sexual assault and domestic violence. Discuss gender differences in victims and perpetrators. Learn about resources for both sexes relevant to these crimes.|
|Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment||Define sexual harassment. Distinguish between 'quid pro quo' and 'hostile environment' harassment.|
|Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical||Learn about feminism in general. Describe differences among liberal, socialist, cultural and radical feminism.|
1. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
2. Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views
How much of gender-role expectation is biologically based, and how much is based on culture? This lesson asks that overarching question by discussing three different examinations of gender by culture, each of which offers a different perspective on how influential culture is on gender roles.
3. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms
This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.
4. Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts
Explore many types of sexual relationships, including combinations that are considered more or less acceptable in different cultures. Concepts covered in this lesson include family, incest, endogamy vs. exogamy, and different forms of marriage (e.g., monogamy, polygamy, polygyny, and polyandry).
5. Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints
Views of sexuality differ by person and by culture, which can cause difference in opinion on many sexual controversies. This lesson covers several of those debates, including teen pregnancy, birth control, pornography, and prostitution.
6. Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts
Sexism and gender differences can be seen in several different contexts within most modern societies. This lesson covers institutional sexism in four general areas: the workplace, family life at home, politics, and the military.
7. Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences
Some types of crime are especially painful due to their personal nature. This lesson discusses three forms of violence, including sexual assault, rape, and domestic violence. Definitions, basic statistics, and a discussion of gender differences are provided.
8. Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment
Sexual harassment occurs any time comments, gestures, or physical contact transpires which is unwelcome, repetitive, and deliberate. This lesson defines two types of sexual harassment ('quid pro quo' and 'hostile environment') and provides examples of each.
9. Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical
This lesson first provides a general definition of feminism. Then, four specific types of feminism are discussed and defined, including liberal feminism, socialist feminism, cultural feminism, and radical feminism. For each type, examples of social changes preferred by that type of feminism are also provided.
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Other chapters within the Sociology 101: Intro to Sociology course
- Introduction to Sociology: The Basics
- Key Sociology Theorists
- Sociology Research Methods
- Foundations of Society
- Theories of Individual Social Development
- Social Groups & Organizations
- Diversity in Society
- Race and Ethnicity in Society
- Aging in Society
- Economics and Politics
- Social Institutions
- Social Change Over Time
- Studying for Sociology 101