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Ch 8: Sex and Gender in Society

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons on sex and gender in society to learn about sexual characteristics, gender views, sexual controversies and more. Each lesson is accompanied by a short multiple-choice quiz you can use to check your understanding of these topics.

Sex and Gender in Society - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

A person's sexual orientation and/or gender can dictate how they fit into society. After watching this series of brief video lessons on sex and gender in society, you should be able to do the following:

  • Differentiate between sex and gender.
  • Explain that there are sexual identities beyond just male and female.
  • Discuss the influence of culture on gender roles.
  • Identify various types of sexism.
  • Outline different types of family arrangements.

VideoObjective
Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & CharacteristicsLearn the difference between sex and gender. Define primary vs. secondary sex characteristics, as well as intersexual, transsexual and different sexual orientations. Explore Kinsey's scale of sexual preference.
Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global ViewsDiscuss views of gender is Israeli kibbutzes. Learn about Margaret Mead's research on gender in New Guinea. Explore George Murdock's research on masculine/feminine tasks.
Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and FormsDefine patriarchy and matriarchy. List and define various forms of sexism, including old-fashioned, modern and ambivalent, including benevolent and hostile.
Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and ConceptsDefine and explain incest, endogamy vs. exogamy, and polygamy vs. polygyny vs. polyandry.
Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing ViewpointsDiscuss different views of sexual controversies, including teen pregnancy, birth control (including China's one-child policy), pornography and prostitution.
Sexism: Gender Differences and ContextsExplore gender differences in income, housework, education, politics and the military.
Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender DifferencesDefine rape, incest, sexual assault and domestic violence. Discuss gender differences in victims and perpetrators. Learn about resources for both sexes relevant to these crimes.
Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' HarassmentDefine sexual harassment. Distinguish between 'quid pro quo' and 'hostile environment' harassment.
Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & RadicalLearn about feminism in general. Describe differences among liberal, socialist, cultural and radical feminism.

9 Lessons in Chapter 8: Sex and Gender in Society
Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

1. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.

Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views

2. Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views

How much of gender-role expectation is biologically based, and how much is based on culture? This lesson asks that overarching question by discussing three different examinations of gender by culture, each of which offers a different perspective on how influential culture is on gender roles.

Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

3. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.

Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts

4. Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts

Explore many types of sexual relationships, including combinations that are considered more or less acceptable in different cultures. Concepts covered in this lesson include family, incest, endogamy vs. exogamy, and different forms of marriage (e.g., monogamy, polygamy, polygyny, and polyandry).

Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints

5. Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints

Views of sexuality differ by person and by culture, which can cause difference in opinion on many sexual controversies. This lesson covers several of those debates, including teen pregnancy, birth control, pornography, and prostitution.

Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts

6. Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts

Sexism and gender differences can be seen in several different contexts within most modern societies. This lesson covers institutional sexism in four general areas: the workplace, family life at home, politics, and the military.

Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences

7. Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences

Some types of crime are especially painful due to their personal nature. This lesson discusses three forms of violence, including sexual assault, rape, and domestic violence. Definitions, basic statistics, and a discussion of gender differences are provided.

Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment

8. Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment

Sexual harassment occurs any time comments, gestures, or physical contact transpires which is unwelcome, repetitive, and deliberate. This lesson defines two types of sexual harassment ('quid pro quo' and 'hostile environment') and provides examples of each.

Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical

9. Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical

This lesson first provides a general definition of feminism. Then, four specific types of feminism are discussed and defined, including liberal feminism, socialist feminism, cultural feminism, and radical feminism. For each type, examples of social changes preferred by that type of feminism are also provided.

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