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Ch 84: Sex and Gender Roles

About This Chapter

Watch this chapter's video lessons to explore sex and gender roles. Relevant definitions and concepts are outlined in order to help you grasp the material. In addition to the videos, the lessons include quizzes and a practice examination.

Sex and Gender Roles - Chapter Summary

This chapter's video lessons examine the characteristics of the male and female genders and look at the various kinds of sexual relationships that exist. Learn about the traditional roles of women and different types of feminism in some lessons, and examine topics pertaining to sexism in another. As you view a lesson on sexual controversies, discover how a greater number of career opportunities for women could be responsible for the lowered teen pregnancy rate. This chapter might offer assistance with:

  • Understanding gender differences and preferences
  • Describing the gender views of social scientists and anthropologists Margaret Mead and George Murdock
  • Identifying forms of sexism and patriarchy
  • Exploring society's sexual relationships
  • Discussing sexual controversies such as birth control, prostitution and pornography
  • Explaining sexism and gender differences
  • Learning about instances of violence against women and men
  • Exploring sexual harassment and feminism

These video lessons are short, animated and informative. Use your mobile device to watch them online at your convenience, or listen to their narration. The included written transcripts mirror the videos verbatim. Some of the transcripts contain bold terms that encourage the further study of a similar subject. Following each lesson is a 5-question quiz that tests your knowledge of sex and gender roles. If necessary, you can take the quizzes again, print out the results and study them in your spare time.

9 Lessons in Chapter 84: Sex and Gender Roles
Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

1. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.

Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views

2. Gender Views: Margaret Mead, George Murdock and Global Views

How much of gender-role expectation is biologically based, and how much is based on culture? This lesson asks that overarching question by discussing three different examinations of gender by culture, each of which offers a different perspective on how influential culture is on gender roles.

Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

3. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.

Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts

4. Sexual Relationships in Society: Definitions and Concepts

Explore many types of sexual relationships, including combinations that are considered more or less acceptable in different cultures. Concepts covered in this lesson include family, incest, endogamy vs. exogamy, and different forms of marriage (e.g., monogamy, polygamy, polygyny, and polyandry).

Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints

5. Sexual Controversies in Society: Differing Viewpoints

Views of sexuality differ by person and by culture, which can cause difference in opinion on many sexual controversies. This lesson covers several of those debates, including teen pregnancy, birth control, pornography, and prostitution.

Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts

6. Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts

Sexism and gender differences can be seen in several different contexts within most modern societies. This lesson covers institutional sexism in four general areas: the workplace, family life at home, politics, and the military.

Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences

7. Violence Against Women and Men: Definitions & Gender Differences

Some types of crime are especially painful due to their personal nature. This lesson discusses three forms of violence, including sexual assault, rape, and domestic violence. Definitions, basic statistics, and a discussion of gender differences are provided.

Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment

8. Sexual Harassment: 'Quid Pro Quo' vs. 'Hostile Environment' Harassment

Sexual harassment occurs any time comments, gestures, or physical contact transpires which is unwelcome, repetitive, and deliberate. This lesson defines two types of sexual harassment ('quid pro quo' and 'hostile environment') and provides examples of each.

Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical

9. Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical

This lesson first provides a general definition of feminism. Then, four specific types of feminism are discussed and defined, including liberal feminism, socialist feminism, cultural feminism, and radical feminism. For each type, examples of social changes preferred by that type of feminism are also provided.

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