About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Shaping the Earth's Surface chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Topography and the effects of erosion and deposition||Mechanical and chemical wearing, rain, glaciers, wind, erosion, landforms|
|Tuesday||Landform diagrams||Uniformitarianism, law of original horizontality, law of superposition, unconformity, crosscutting relations|
|Wednesday||Formation of stream valleys and effects of rivers and streams||Stream valley, floodplain, aging stages, erosion, meanders, channels, valleys|
|Thursday||Beaches||Sediment, waves, longshore drift, sandbars|
|Friday||Ways natural events change habitats||Natural events, widespread damage, energy|
1. What Is Topography and How Is Topography Reshaped?
The topography, or surface of the Earth, is constantly changing shape due to many powerful forces. In this lesson, we will learn about some of the amazing changes that occur on Earth due to the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition.
2. Effect of Erosion and Deposition on Landforms
Landforms are constantly being broken down and reformed by the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition. In this lesson, we explore chemical and physical weathering and how the face of the earth gets changed.
3. How a Landform Diagram Describes the Geological Progression of a Landscape
This lesson describes what a landform diagram is. We'll also discuss some basic laws of geology that can help scientists deduce both the order of events that create a landform and the geologic events that occur after a landform's formation.
4. The Formation of Stream Valleys
Running water is very powerful and has the ability to change the land around it. In this lesson, we will explore the creation of stream valleys and how they are shaped by the water that runs through them.
5. Characteristics of Shorelines & Beaches
Shorelines and beaches are constantly changing due to forces, such as waves, winds and currents. Learn about characteristics of shorelines, including headlands, bays, beach berms, sand dunes, spits, tombolos, barrier islands and lagoons.
6. Beaches as Dynamic Systems
Did you know that lava can create sand or that beaches change with the seasons? In this lesson, we will explore how beaches are formed and why they are constantly changing, due to the action of waves and the movement of sediment supplied by rivers and streams.
7. How Rivers and Streams Affect the Earth's Surface
Rivers and streams are powerful, ever-changing systems that can alter the surface of the Earth. While they share many similar features, they can be vastly different. In this lesson, we will learn how rivers and streams form, transport sediment, and flood.
8. How Natural Events Change Habitats
Natural events, like earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides and floods, can be very powerful and destructive. In this lesson, we will see firsthand how they can change human and wildlife habitats in both damaging and helpful ways.
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Other chapters within the Middle School Earth Science Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
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