About This Chapter
Significance of Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll find a collection of lessons highlighting the significance of some of the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark decisions. These include Plessy v. Ferguson, Roe v. Wade and Marbury v. Madison, among others. This chapter can assist you in achieving the following goals:
- Outline the judicial review of the U.S. Constitution in Marbury v. Madison
- Summarize the case of McCulloch v. Maryland
- Detail the impact of Plessy v. Ferguson
- Define civil liberties and identify cases where they played a role
- Identify the importance of Schenck and Bakke
- Discuss the arguments and significance of United States v. Nixon
- Explain the impact of Roe v. Wade on abortion
Take your time as you review this chapter, and feel free to go back and review the lessons as many times as needed. Along with each lesson, we've included a multiple-choice quiz for quick assessment as you move along. Help is available through the Dashboard from one of our experts if you experience any trouble along the way.
1. U.S. Constitution: Definition and the Judicial Review of Marbury v. Madison
Our United States Constitution is known as the 'Supreme Law of the Land.' The United States Supreme Court determines when other laws are in conflict with the Constitution. This lesson explains the concepts of supremacy and judicial review.
2. The Case of McCulloch v. Maryland: Summary, Decision & Significance
One of the landmark cases of the early Supreme Court, McCulloch v. Maryland determined if the United States government had the right to establish a bank in Maryland and if the state had the right to tax the government for doing so. We'll discuss the case's decision and significance.
3. Plessy v. Ferguson: Impact & Summary
This lesson explains the impact of Plessy v. Ferguson, an important Supreme Court decision made in 1896. The Court ruled on the concept of 'separate but equal' and set back civil rights in the United States for decades to come.
4. What are Civil Liberties? - Definition, Examples & Cases
What are civil liberties? How are they different from civil rights? How do we know exactly what (and when) they are? The issue of civil liberties began with the Constitution and continues with the U.S. Supreme Court.
5. Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Schenck & Bakke
The following lesson discusses the two landmark Supreme Court cases that attempt to place defined limits on two of our most deeply held freedoms: the freedom of speech and freedom from discrimination.
6. United States v. Nixon: Arguments, Decision & Significance
The case of United States v. Nixon prompted the resignation of President Richard Nixon and established that no one was above the law. In this lesson, you'll learn more about the case and its historical impact.
7. Supreme Court Case Roe v. Wade: Summary, Decision & Impact on Abortion
''Roe v. Wade, 1973'' was the landmark Supreme Court decision in regard to legalized abortion. Learn about the case, the decision and its impact on the United States.
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Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading & Research Skills
- Historiography & World History
- Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Early Indian Civilization
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
- The Spread of Islam & The Byzantine Empire
- Europe after the Decline of the Roman Empire
- Overview of Global Religions
- The European Renaissance & Protestant Reformation
- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- European Expansion from 1450-1650
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
- Impacts of European Imperialism
- Causes & Consequences of World War I
- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
- Contemporary Global Challenges
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- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Major Figures in U.S. History from the Precontact Period-1789
- Political & Constitutional Developments from 1789-1877
- Westward Expansion, Economic Growth & U.S. Foreign Relations from 1789-1877
- Major Antebellum Reform Movements & Key Reformers
- Sectionalism & the American Civil War
- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
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- Major U.S. Political Events & Developments since 1945
- U.S. Economic Developments since 1946
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
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- Basic Geographic Terms & Concepts
- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
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- Characteristics of World Geography
- Elements of Weather & Climate
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- Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science
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- Key Political Documents
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