About This Chapter
Sixteenth Century Art - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll study the characteristics, techniques, and works of artists in the 16th century. You'll examine Italian paintings and sculpture, northern European printmaking, as well as art of the High Renaissance, including its many religious and philosophical influences. You'll also look at the artists themselves and how their status in society was different than that of artists in the past. By the end of this chapter you will be able to:
- Explain the ideal of the circle in Renaissance art
- Discuss the history and architecture of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
- Describe the biography and works of Michelangelo
- Compare and contrast Venetian art with Florentine and Roman art
- Understand Renaissance views on the merits of painting vs. sculpture
- Discuss the characteristics, techniques, and famous works of the art of northern Europe and Spain
- Describe the role of patrons in 16th century art and architecture
- Compare mannerist, Renaissance, Northern, and High Renaissance painting
Our professional instructors have created these lessons to help you efficiently cover a lot of material. You can use practice questions and lesson quizzes to help master this information. Each lesson you complete is tracked on your Dashboard, so be sure to monitor your progress.
1. 16th-Century Italian Painting & Sculpture: Characteristics, Techniques & Works
In this lesson, you will explore the artistic styles of Italy during the 16th century and discover what characterizes each style. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Comparing High Renaissance and Mannerist Architecture
In this lesson, you will explore both High Renaissance and Mannerist architectural styles and discover the relationship between them. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. Religious & Philosophical Influences on High Renaissance Art
In this lesson you will explore the role of religion and philosophy in the art of the High Renaissance, and discover how artists blended them together. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. The Status of Artists in Renaissance Society
In this lesson, you will explore the role and status of artists during the Renaissance and discover how artists achieved this status and what was expected of them. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. The Ideal of the Circle in Renaissance Art
In this lesson, you will explore how the circle was idealized as the perfect shape by Renaissance artists and discover how it was incorporated into their art and architecture. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
6. St. Peter's Basilica in Rome: Architecture & History
What do 13 Catholic popes and 14 architects have in common? Aside from their shared Italian heritage, they were all instrumental in building St. Peter's Basilica. In this lesson you will learn about this famous church's history and architecture.
7. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
8. Venetian Renaissance Art vs. Florentine and Roman Work
In this lesson, you will explore both the Florentine/Roman and Venetian styles of art during the Italian Renaissance and discover their similarities and differences.
9. Renaissance Views on the Merits of Painting versus Sculpture
In this lesson, you will explore the major Renaissance debate about the merits of painting versus sculpture, the two most popular forms of art. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
10. 16th-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain: Characteristics, Techniques & Famous Works
In this lesson, you will explore the artwork of both Northern Europe and Spain as they entered the 16th century. You can then test your knowledge with a short quiz.
11. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
12. 16th-Century Spanish Art & the Catholic Counter-Reformation
How did Spain become the center of the Catholic faith and how is this related to art? Find out as you explore the dynamic 16th century and test your understanding with a brief quiz in this lesson.
13. The Role of Patrons in 16th-Century Art & Architecture
In this lesson, we'll examine the influence of art patrons across Europe in the 16th century. We'll discover how they helped develop a lasting culture of art during this time.
14. Comparing Mannerist and Renaissance Art
In this lesson, you will compare two different styles of art that shared the 16th century: Renaissance and Mannerism. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
15. Prints in Northern Europe: History, Processes & Functions
In this lesson, you will explore the history of printmaking as an art form in Northern Europe and discover how this influenced Northern European art. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
16. Comparing Northern 16th-Century and High Renaissance Painting
What was the difference between art of Northern Europe and the High Renaissance in the 16th century? Discover the techniques, styles, and goals of each artistic movement, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the AP Art History: Exam Prep course
- Introduction to Art
- Prehistoric Art
- Ancient Egyptian Art
- Ancient Near East Art
- Ancient Greek Art
- Ancient Roman Art
- Early Christian Art
- Art of the Byzantine Empire
- Medieval Art
- Romanesque Style of Art
- Gothic Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art
- Art of the Baroque Period
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Art of the Romantic Period
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionism in Art
- Early Twentieth-Century Art
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Global Contemporary Art
- Asian Art
- Art of the Pacific
- Art of Indigenous Americas
- African Art
- AP Art History Flashcards