About This Chapter
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- Learn about the axial and appendicular skeletal systems and describe their functions.
- Name and locate the major bones of the skull.
- Name and locate the bones of the face and describe their functions.
- Explain the functions of the bones in the vertebral column and ribs.
- Describe the functions of the bones in the arms and hands.
- Explain how the main parts of the shoulder articulate with one another.
- Name the bones of the leg and foot and explain their functions.
- Describe the parts of the pelvis and explain their functions.
- Learn about the structure and functions of joints.
- Classify joints by tissue and movement type.
1. The Skeletal System: Function and Terms
You'll learn about the two major divisions of our skeleton, the axial and appendicular skeleton, in this video lesson. In addition, you will find out how bone is formed, thanks to tiny little cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and what the major parts of a long bone are.
2. Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location
Your eyeballs, ear and brain all depend on skull bones to give them a place to live. These bones include the frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid and ethmoid bone. Review these bones and their purposes in this lesson.
3. Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location
In this lesson, learn which bones help you cry, breathe, eat and see as we review the maxilla, mandible, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, vomer and palatine bones of the face. Then, learn which bones are paired.
4. Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function
Learn about the importance of your ribs, vertebrae, and sternum. If it wasn't for them, you wouldn't be alive. You'll also find out what strange sounding words like manubrium and xyphoid mean.
5. Bones of the Arm and Hand: Anatomy and Functions
The humerus isn't all that funny; it plays an important role in your body. Likewise, the radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals and phalanges are all important components of your arm, wrist and fingers.
6. Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions
Did you know that your shoulder joint is made up of many different parts? In this lesson, you'll learn about the clavicle, scapula, glenoid cavity, and acromion, as well as some of their more common names.
7. Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions
Find out about the major bones which help you walk. We'll go over the femur, patella, fibula, tibia, tarsals, metatarsals, and something called the trochanter.
8. Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function
In this lesson, you will learn about your hips and the important structures involved in their formation. The ilium, ischium, pubis, acetabulum, pelvic cavity, and sacrum will all be covered.
9. Joints: Structure and Functions
Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.
10. Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function
Find out how your joints are categorized. You'll learn about the synovial, cartilaginous, and fibrous joints as well as diarthrosis, synarthrosis, and amphiarthrosis.
11. Acromion Process: Definition & Types
What is the acromion process? How does it function in humans, and how does its structure vary in different animal taxa? In this lesson we'll explore acromion structure, function, articulation, and more.
12. What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Many people are afflicted with carpal tunnel syndrome. In this lesson, we will examine what causes this disorder, its symptoms, and how it can be treated.
13. What Is Elastin? - Definition & Explanation
Human bodies contain hundreds of proteins that perform specific functions. In this lesson, we'll examine the protein elastin to understand how it functions in our bodies.
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