About This Chapter
Social and Cultural Elements of Counseling - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In this context, the term multicultural refers to factors such as age, religion, disability, race, sexual orientation, social status, national origin, heritage and gender. Chapter instructors will introduce you to some of the issues that counselors face when dealing across these cultures. You can also learn about many of the specific issues related to certain groups. By the time you have worked your way through this chapter, you should be able to accomplish the following:
- Explain the issues that counselors and their clients face related to multiculturalism
- Address the special considerations related to specific groups
- Discuss various theories related to counseling women
- Outline the history of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender issues and explain the counseling theories
- Compare traditional counseling for older adults with the new perspectives
|What is Multicultural Counseling?||Discuss the multicultural counseling issues that counselors and their clients, along with educators and researchers, face.|
|Counseling Considerations Across Cultural and Ethnic Groups||Explore individual issues for certain groups, including European Americans, African American, Hispanics, Asian or Pacific Islanders and Native American Indians.|
|Counseling Across Gender||Address women's issues, such as changing roles, victimization and adequacy.|
|Counseling Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals and Transgenders||Explain gay liberation and the declassification of homosexuality withing the realm of psychiatry.|
|Counseling Aged Populations||Discuss why older adults might not be getting the specialized care that counselors are prepared to deliver.|
1. What is Multicultural Counseling?
Multicultural awareness is very important in counseling. This lesson will tell you what multicultural counseling involves and how to be an effective multicultural counselor. We'll follow a school counselor as he prepares himself for a new role with culturally diverse students.
2. Counseling Across Gender
How does gender impact counseling? Should counselors approach clients of different genders differently? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the challenges with regards to counseling across gender lines and the impact of gender roles on mental health.
3. Counseling Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered People
In many ways, counseling LGBT clients is just like counseling straight clients. But in other ways, LGBT clients face specific challenges that straight clients might not face. In this lesson, we'll look at how to counsel LGBT clients.
4. Counseling Aged Populations
Older adults are the same as everyone else in some ways, and very different in other ways. In this lesson, we'll take a look at how the unique and general challenges of late adulthood impact counseling sessions.
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Other chapters within the Counseling 101: Fundamentals of Counseling course
- The History of Counseling and Psychotherapy
- The Professional Counselor
- The Counseling Process
- Theoretical Approaches in Counseling
- Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling
- Human Growth and Development in Counseling
- School Counseling
- Mental Health, Substance Abuse & Rehabilitation Counseling
- Marriage and Family Counseling
- Career Counseling
- Group Counseling