About This Chapter
Social Changes & Behaviors - Chapter Summary
Our instructors present the important topics related to social changes and behaviors in these helpful lessons. Topics covered include the different models that explain the historical growth of cities and the effects of rural to urban migration on the U.S. and Europe. You'll also learn about different theories related to population growth, including the Malthusian heories.
These lessons also address different crowd types of collective behaviors and examples of mass behavior. Once you complete this chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain how fertility and birthrates affect demographic changes
- Describe societal issues and relationships that affect the environment
- Discuss several crowd behaviors and their theories
- Detail what causes moral panic and mass hysteria
- Outline the theories and stages of social movement
With our mobile-friendly learning tools, you can prepare for an exam or work through a tough homework assignment 24 hours a day on your tablet or computer. It's easy to watch just one portion of a video lesson by using the video tabs feature in the Timeline. The multiple-choice quizzes that follow each lesson are a great way to test your comprehension before moving on in the chapter.
1. Migration from Rural to Urban Settings in Europe and the U.S.: History and Effects
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the causes for people to migrate from a rural setting to an urban setting in Europe and in America. We will also learn the difference between immigration and emigration.
2. Historical Growth of Cities: Gemeinschaft, Gesellschaft, Gentrification & the Concentric Zone Model
In this lesson, we will discuss the contributions to classifying social change of two social scientists: Ferdinand Tonnies and Ernest W. Burgess. We will study concepts that include gemeinschaft, gesellschaft and gentrification.
3. Population Growth: Demographic Transition and Malthusian Theories
Population growth is not as simple as watching the total number of humans rise each year. This lesson explores how the experts actually calculate population growth rates, and how different theories explain why various regions of the world experience population growth changes in such different ways.
4. Population Change from Aging, Death, and Migration
Fertility, mortality and migration are principal determinants of how a population can change, and they are at the very core of demographic studies. In this lesson, we will discuss how a population can change from fertility (birth), mortality (death), and migration.
5. Demographic Changes from Fertility and Birthrates
Demographers focus on specific indicators of change in human populations. Two of the most important indicators are birth and death rates, or fertility and mortality. In this lesson, we will discuss the definitions of demography, fertility and mortality and their impact on a population.
6. Environmental Impact: Society's Relationship and Issues
In this lesson, we will discuss global warming, pollution and loss of habitat. Learn how the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests lead to global warming by increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the earth's atmosphere.
7. Crowd Behavior: Contagion, Convergence & Emergent Norm Theory
Why do people act differently in crowds than they do individually? In this lesson, we will discuss three different theories to explain crowd behavior: contagion theory, convergence theory, and emergent norm theory.
8. Mass Hysteria & Moral Panic: Definitions, Causes & Examples
What do the fabled chicken little and the band KISS have in common? In this lesson we will discuss mass hysteria and moral panic by using specific examples of each and comparing the causes of these phenomena.
9. Collective Behavior: Crowd Types, Mobs & Riots
Collective behavior refers to events that suddenly emerge. These events do not conform to rules or laws but instead are shaped based on the issue at hand. This lesson discusses the forms of collective behavior: crowds, mobs and riots.
10. Types of Mass Behavior: Definitions & Examples
Mass behavior is a type of social behavior. There are many different types of mass behavior. In this lesson, we will define and describe mass hysteria, rumors, gossip, fads, and fashions as examples of mass behavior.
11. Social Movement: Theories and Motives
In this lesson, we will define what social movements are and discuss why they develop. We'll cover the deprivation theory, the mass-society theory and the structure strain theory, which are three theories that sociologists use to explain social movements.
12. Social Movement Stages: Emergence, Coalescence, Bureaucratization & Decline
Although social movements around the world differ from each other in many ways, they all generally go through a life cycle marked by the progressive stages of emergence, coalescence, bureaucratization, and decline. In this lesson we will discuss the four stages of social movements.
13. Social Movement Definitions: Alternative, Redemptive, Reformative & Revolutionary
Social movements can occur at the individual level or the societal level and can advocate for either minor or radical changes. This lesson will cover four kinds of social movements: alternative, redemptive, reformative, and revolutionary.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Praxis Sociology (5952): Practice & Study Guide course
- Introduction to Sociology
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Sociological Research Methods
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Human Development Theories in Sociology
- Social Groups & Interactions
- Understanding Diversity through Sociology
- Sex and Gender Roles
- Race & Ethnicity in Society
- Understanding Aging through Sociology
- Studying Social Institutions
- Political & Economic Systems
- Praxis Sociology Flashcards