About This Chapter
Social Changes & Cultural Variations - Chapter Summary
To refresh your knowledge of social changes and cultural variations, study this chapter's video lessons developed by professional instructors. You'll examine culture levels, society's impact on the environment and causes of behaviors like mass hysteria and riots. Once you watch all of the lessons in the chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the levels of culture
- Distinguish between society and culture
- Explain cultural universals, generalities and particularities
- Discuss environmental problems caused by human activity
- Understand theories of crowd behavior
- Describe crowds, mobs and riots as forms of collective behavior
- Recognize the causes of mass hysteria and moral panic
- Give examples of the types of mass behavior
Our lessons contain multiple tools that you can use to build and improve your understanding of cultural variations and social changes. The videos are short and use engaging visuals and examples to help you grasp the concepts. Each lesson includes a transcript as well. We also provide self-assessment lesson quizzes in multiple-choice format that can help you gauge your comprehension of the discussed topics.
1. Levels of Culture: National, International & Subcultural
This lesson will focus on the different levels, or layers, of culture. In doing so, it will define culture. It will also explain the layers of international culture, national culture, and subculture.
2. Understanding the Difference Between Society & Culture
This lesson will seek to explain the difference between society and culture. In doing so, it will also highlight the concept of norms and what role they play in both society and culture.
3. Cultural Variation: Universalities, Generalities & Particularities
This lesson will seek to explain cultural traits which are considered universals, generalities, and particularities. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of culture and how it plays out around the globe.
4. Environmental Impact: Society's Relationship and Issues
In this lesson, we will discuss global warming, pollution and loss of habitat. Learn how the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests lead to global warming by increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the earth's atmosphere.
5. Crowd Behavior: Contagion, Convergence & Emergent Norm Theory
Why do people act differently in crowds than they do individually? In this lesson, we will discuss three different theories to explain crowd behavior: contagion theory, convergence theory, and emergent norm theory.
6. Collective Behavior: Crowd Types, Mobs & Riots
Collective behavior refers to events that suddenly emerge. These events do not conform to rules or laws but instead are shaped based on the issue at hand. This lesson discusses the forms of collective behavior: crowds, mobs and riots.
7. Mass Hysteria & Moral Panic: Definitions, Causes & Examples
What do the fabled chicken little and the band KISS have in common? In this lesson we will discuss mass hysteria and moral panic by using specific examples of each and comparing the causes of these phenomena.
8. Types of Mass Behavior: Definitions & Examples
Mass behavior is a type of social behavior. There are many different types of mass behavior. In this lesson, we will define and describe mass hysteria, rumors, gossip, fads, and fashions as examples of mass behavior.
9. Cultural Norms: Definition & Values
Cultural norms are what keep people moving in a similar direction. This lesson explains the relationship between cultural norms and values. We'll also look at an experiment that tells us about our willingness to conform.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MTTC Sociology (012): Practice & Study Guide course
- Introduction to Sociology
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Sociological Research Methods
- References Sources for Sociology Research
- Organizing & Analyzing Research Information
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Personality & Self
- Beliefs, Attitudes & Development
- Deviance & Social Control
- Social Groups & Interactions
- Types of Communication
- Social Status & Stratification
- Sex & Gender Roles in Society
- Race & Ethnicity in Society
- Aging in American Society
- Families, Religion & Schools in the US
- Aging, Health & Family Issues in Society
- Urbanization, Industrialization & Modernization
- Social Movements
- Racism, Prejudice & Poverty in the US
- Crime & the US Criminal Justice System
- Ecological Problems in the US
- Political & Economic Systems
- Population Growth & Trends
- MTTC Sociology Flashcards