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Ch 18: Social Changes & Cultural Variations

About This Chapter

Watch the video lessons to explore cultural variations and social changes. Study the difference between culture and society as well as levels of culture and crowd behavior theories.

Social Changes & Cultural Variations - Chapter Summary

To refresh your knowledge of social changes and cultural variations, study this chapter's video lessons developed by professional instructors. You'll examine culture levels, society's impact on the environment and causes of behaviors like mass hysteria and riots. Once you watch all of the lessons in the chapter, you should be able to:

  • Identify the levels of culture
  • Distinguish between society and culture
  • Explain cultural universals, generalities and particularities
  • Discuss environmental problems caused by human activity
  • Understand theories of crowd behavior
  • Describe crowds, mobs and riots as forms of collective behavior
  • Recognize the causes of mass hysteria and moral panic
  • Give examples of the types of mass behavior

Our lessons contain multiple tools that you can use to build and improve your understanding of cultural variations and social changes. The videos are short and use engaging visuals and examples to help you grasp the concepts. Each lesson includes a transcript as well. We also provide self-assessment lesson quizzes in multiple-choice format that can help you gauge your comprehension of the discussed topics.

9 Lessons in Chapter 18: Social Changes & Cultural Variations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Levels of Culture: National, International & Subcultural

1. Levels of Culture: National, International & Subcultural

This lesson will focus on the different levels, or layers, of culture. In doing so, it will define culture. It will also explain the layers of international culture, national culture, and subculture.

Understanding the Difference Between Society & Culture

2. Understanding the Difference Between Society & Culture

This lesson will seek to explain the difference between society and culture. In doing so, it will also highlight the concept of norms and what role they play in both society and culture.

Cultural Variation: Universalities, Generalities & Particularities

3. Cultural Variation: Universalities, Generalities & Particularities

This lesson will seek to explain cultural traits which are considered universals, generalities, and particularities. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of culture and how it plays out around the globe.

Environmental Impact: Society's Relationship and Issues

4. Environmental Impact: Society's Relationship and Issues

In this lesson, we will discuss global warming, pollution and loss of habitat. Learn how the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests lead to global warming by increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the earth's atmosphere.

Crowd Behavior: Contagion, Convergence & Emergent Norm Theory

5. Crowd Behavior: Contagion, Convergence & Emergent Norm Theory

Why do people act differently in crowds than they do individually? In this lesson, we will discuss three different theories to explain crowd behavior: contagion theory, convergence theory, and emergent norm theory.

Collective Behavior: Crowd Types, Mobs & Riots

6. Collective Behavior: Crowd Types, Mobs & Riots

Collective behavior refers to events that suddenly emerge. These events do not conform to rules or laws but instead are shaped based on the issue at hand. This lesson discusses the forms of collective behavior: crowds, mobs and riots.

Mass Hysteria & Moral Panic: Definitions, Causes & Examples

7. Mass Hysteria & Moral Panic: Definitions, Causes & Examples

What do the fabled chicken little and the band KISS have in common? In this lesson we will discuss mass hysteria and moral panic by using specific examples of each and comparing the causes of these phenomena.

Types of Mass Behavior: Definitions & Examples

8. Types of Mass Behavior: Definitions & Examples

Mass behavior is a type of social behavior. There are many different types of mass behavior. In this lesson, we will define and describe mass hysteria, rumors, gossip, fads, and fashions as examples of mass behavior.

Cultural Norms: Definition & Values

9. Cultural Norms: Definition & Values

Cultural norms are what keep people moving in a similar direction. This lesson explains the relationship between cultural norms and values. We'll also look at an experiment that tells us about our willingness to conform.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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