About This Chapter
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- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the social cognition and perception chapter exam.
Why it works:
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- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a social cognition and perception unit of a standard social psychology course. Topics covered include:
- Counterfactual thinking
- High-effort and low-effort thinking
- Self-fulfilling prophecies
- The priming effect
1. Knowledge Organization: Schemata and Scripts
How does your mind organize the world? When you see a new animal, can you easily tell if it's a bird, mammal or fish? Categories and mental structures, such as types of animals, are called schemata. This lesson discusses different types of schemata and why they are important.
2. The Priming Effect: Accessibility, Priming & Perceptual Salience
The priming effect is an interesting cognitive process studied by social psychologists. We discuss the effect in this lesson, along with several key terms that are important in understanding the phenomenon: schemata, accessibility, priming, and perceptual salience.
3. Self-Fulfilling Prophecies in Psychology: Definition & Examples
Self-fulfilling prophecies occur more often than you'd think. In this lesson, we discuss this phenomenon and explain how it's due to a cognitive error. We also go over some classic studies as well as real-life examples.
4. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
5. Low-Effort vs. High-Effort Thinking: Advantages & Disadvantages
Our cognitive wheels are always in motion, even if we don't realize it. In this lesson, we discuss thinking and differentiate between low-effort and high-effort thinking. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of thinking.
6. Counterfactual Thinking, Thought Suppression & the Rebound Effect
In this lesson, we define counterfactual thinking and discuss the effects of this cognitive process. We also define and discuss thought suppression and its rebound effect, as well as look at a classic study on the subject.
7. The Covariation Model of Attribution: Definition & Steps
In this lesson, we discuss Kelley's Covariation Model of Attribution, including examples of each of the types of information involved: consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency.
8. Cultural Differences in Attributional Patterns
Why do people act the way they do? There are many factors. In this lesson, we discuss how cultural differences can determine attributional patterns. We define internal and external attributions and discuss the attributional tendencies of individualistic cultures compared to collectivistic cultures.
9. Interpersonal Intelligence: Definition, Examples & Characteristics
What do Aristotle, Helen Keller, and Abraham Lincoln all have in common? They all had interpersonal intelligence. Learn more about interpersonal intelligence from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Cognitive Bias: Definition & Examples
Cognitive biases are errors in thinking that influence how we make decisions. Learn more about cognitive bias from examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
11. Symbolic Interaction Theory: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll discuss symbolic interactionism, which is a theory regarding social behavior and interaction. We'll explore its history and development as a theory as well as some examples of how to apply the theory to our everyday lives.
12. Cognitive Appraisal: Theory, Model & Definition
We all make cognitive appraisals every day, yet we likely don't think much about how they're formed and what they mean. In this lesson, you'll learn how to define them and explore the ways that they affect our lives and emotional well-being.
13. Cognitive Distortions: Examples & Definition
This lesson discusses the concept of cognitive distortions and identifies common types of distorted thinking. After the lesson, take the quiz to see if you have what it takes to spot distorted thinking!
14. Wolfgang Kohler: Biography & Contributions to Psychology
This lesson focuses on Wolfgang Kohler and his contributions to gestalt psychology. We'll also look at his theories developed by experimenting with chimps and the way they learn.
15. Mood Congruency Effect: Definition & Examples
Have you ever wondered why you remember certain things that seem to coincide with how you are feeling? This lesson will explain how the mood congruency effect influences your memory and other parts of your day-to-day life.
16. Positive Body Language: Examples & Signs
In this lesson, we will learn about approaches to positive body language such as standing up tall, handshakes, and smiling. We will also consider the ways in which we move our bodies that do not signal positivity, and ways we can change those things for the better.
17. Negative Body Language: Examples & Signs
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of negative body language and what its different forms can mean. The lesson will also touch upon the cultural differences in body language.
18. Body Language in Different Cultures
Different countries and their respective cultures employ different types of body language. This lesson will discuss a variety of body language used in different cultures.
19. What is Ordinal-Linguistic Personification?
Ordinal-linguistic personification (OLP) is the automatic assignment of personalities to the members of ordinal lists, like Friday as a happy-go-lucky free-loader. This lesson will discuss OLP, how it is experienced, and what causes it to occur.
20. High & Low Self-Monitors: Definition & Behaviors
In this lesson, we'll go over the concept of self-monitoring. Then you'll learn the differences between high and low self-monitors and how it plays out in real life.
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Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Help and Review
- Research Methods and Ethics: Help and Review
- The Self in a Social Context: Help and Review
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Help and Review
- Group Decisions: Help and Review
- Attraction & Close Relationships: Help and Review
- Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Help and Review
- Applied Social Psychology: Help and Review