About This Chapter
Social Cognition, Perception & Nonverbal Communication - Chapter Summary
This entertaining chapter offers the in-depth analysis you need to improve your knowledge of social cognition, perception and nonverbal communication. Lessons closely examine different types of heuristics, situational attribution, impression management and much more. Choose which lessons to study based on your current understanding of these concepts, and feel free to take the accompanying quizzes to assess your knowledge. Use the broader exam to gauge your grasp of the entire chapter. The Dashboard keeps track of your progress and lets you submit lesson topic questions to our experts. Once you've completed this chapter, you will be able to:
- Define and discuss models associated with social cognition
- Share the definition and examples of cognitive bias
- Offer examples of magical thinking
- Discuss terms and uses of nonverbal communication
- Explain the role culture plays in nonverbal communication
- Outline the steps in Kelley's covariation model of attribution
- Describe different types of attributions and the correspondence bias in psychology
- Detail ways cultural differences can determine attributional patterns
1. Social Cognition: Definition, Approach & Models
How can cognition be a social process? How do people learn by observing others? In this lesson, we will identify the major social cognitive theories and models on observational learning and self-regulation.
2. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
3. Cognitive Bias: Definition & Examples
Cognitive biases are errors in thinking that influence how we make decisions. Learn more about cognitive bias from examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
4. What is Magical Thinking? - Definition & Examples
This lesson is going to go over a concept known as magical thinking. You'll learn what it is, some examples of it, and some more interesting nuances behind the topic.
5. Nonverbal Communication: Terms & Uses
You can say a lot without saying any words. In this lesson, we'll look at nonverbal communication, including what it is, the five functions of nonverbal communication, and examples of each type of nonverbal communication.
6. The Role of Culture in Nonverbal Communication
Nonverbal communication is a large part of most conversations, but gestures and other nonverbal cues can mean different things in different cultures. In this lesson, we'll examine the role of culture in nonverbal communication.
7. The Covariation Model of Attribution: Definition & Steps
In this lesson, we discuss Kelley's Covariation Model of Attribution, including examples of each of the types of information involved: consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency.
8. Attributions and the Correspondence Bias in Psychology: Definition & Dispositions vs. Situational Behavior
How do we explain other people's behavior? In this lesson, we'll learn about the types of attributions that we use to explain behavior, as well as two biases that are common when we're looking at other people's behaviors.
9. Situational Attribution: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will discuss situational attribution. Learn all about situational attribution from examples. Then test what you have learned with a quiz.
10. Cultural Differences in Attributional Patterns
Why do people act the way they do? There are many factors. In this lesson, we discuss how cultural differences can determine attributional patterns. We define internal and external attributions and discuss the attributional tendencies of individualistic cultures compared to collectivistic cultures.
11. Impression Management: Festinger's Study of Cognitive Dissonance, Post-Decision Dissonance & Counterattitudinal Advocacy
When people feel discomfort because their beliefs and behaviors aren't in sync with each other, it is called cognitive dissonance. In this lesson, we'll look closer at cognitive dissonance and two related phenomena: post-decision dissonance and counter-attitudinal advocacy.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Psychology 316: Advanced Social Psychology course
- Themes of Social Psychology
- Attitudes, Persuasion & Behavior
- Self-Perception & Identity
- Prejudice, Stereotyping & Discrimination
- The Psychology of Interpersonal Relationships
- Conformity, Compliance & Obedience
- Altruism & Prosocial Behavior
- Aggression in Social Psychology
- Social Psychology & the Online World
- Required Assignments for Psychology 316