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- Explain how knowledge is organized into schemata and scripts.
- Understand the priming effect.
- Provide examples of self-fulfilling prophecies.
- Explore the different types of heuristics.
- Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of high-effort and low-effort thinking.
- Describe the cognitive effects of counterfactual thinking.
- List the steps involved in the covariation model of attribution.
- Learn how individualistic and collectivistic cultures differ in their attributional patterns.
1. Knowledge Organization: Schemata and Scripts
How does your mind organize the world? When you see a new animal, can you easily tell if it's a bird, mammal or fish? Categories and mental structures, such as types of animals, are called schemata. This lesson discusses different types of schemata and why they are important.
2. The Priming Effect: Accessibility, Priming & Perceptual Salience
The priming effect is an interesting cognitive process studied by social psychologists. We discuss the effect in this lesson, along with several key terms that are important in understanding the phenomenon: schemata, accessibility, priming, and perceptual salience.
3. Self-Fulfilling Prophecies in Psychology: Definition & Examples
Self-fulfilling prophecies occur more often than you'd think. In this lesson, we discuss this phenomenon and explain how it's due to a cognitive error. We also go over some classic studies as well as real-life examples.
4. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
5. Low-Effort vs. High-Effort Thinking: Advantages & Disadvantages
Our cognitive wheels are always in motion, even if we don't realize it. In this lesson, we discuss thinking and differentiate between low-effort and high-effort thinking. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of thinking.
6. Counterfactual Thinking, Thought Suppression & the Rebound Effect
In this lesson, we define counterfactual thinking and discuss the effects of this cognitive process. We also define and discuss thought suppression and its rebound effect, as well as look at a classic study on the subject.
7. The Covariation Model of Attribution: Definition & Steps
In this lesson, we discuss Kelley's Covariation Model of Attribution, including examples of each of the types of information involved: consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency.
8. Cultural Differences in Attributional Patterns
Why do people act the way they do? There are many factors. In this lesson, we discuss how cultural differences can determine attributional patterns. We define internal and external attributions and discuss the attributional tendencies of individualistic cultures compared to collectivistic cultures.
9. Fundamental Attribution Error: Definition & Overview
This lesson covers the fundamental attribution error. You might be surprised to find out that your explanation of why people do what they do is more often inaccurate than it is accurate.
10. Proprioception: Definition & Exercises
Proprioception is an essential part of our bodies' ability to move. Learn more about proprioception and the importance of this sense with an exercise and test your understanding with a quiz.
11. Social Trap in Psychology
Social traps bring short-term gains for some but serious long-term consequences for many others. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define a social trap, explore the origin of the theory, and look at some examples of how they work in society.
12. What is a Martyr Complex? - Definition, Psychology & Treatment
In this lesson, you will learn what a martyr complex is, how it is defined in psychology and what treatments are available to help people overcome unhealthy behaviors.
13. Heteronormativity: Definition & Concept
This lesson covers the definition of heteronormativity, or the belief that heterosexuality is the only natural and acceptable form of human sexuality. It also discusses work by social theorists who seek to challenge the domination of heteronormativity in our society.
14. Breaching Experiment: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn what a breaching experiment is, why it is an important research tool, and how it is done. The lesson also offers examples of social situations in which this research tool is often used.
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Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Research Methods and Ethics: Tutoring Solution
- The Self in a Social Context: Tutoring Solution
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Tutoring Solution
- Group Decisions: Tutoring Solution
- Attraction & Close Relationships: Tutoring Solution
- Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Tutoring Solution
- Applied Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution