About This Chapter
Social-Contextual Issues & Human Behavior - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll study important information that will help you understand social-contextual issues and human behavior. Visit topics such as political ideology and global society in these lessons. You'll go over the following topics:
- Difference between income and wealth
- Three theoretical approaches to cultural analysis
- Similarities between cultural norms and values
- Internal vs. external attributions
- Factors that impact political ideology
- How political values are formed
- International and global society
- Significance of spiritual health
- Faith-based therapy
- How culture impacts religiosity, secularization and civil religion
In order to make the most of your learning experience, the learning process should be efficient, effective and fun. The lessons in this chapter each come with videos that are no longer than 10 minutes in length. If you prefer reading, you can instead go through our lesson transcripts. Having this flexibility allows you to study in a way that is best suited for your personality and needs.
1. American Class System and Structure: Definitions & Types of Social Classes
In this lesson, we discuss the American class system and the social stratification layers that exist within each class. We also differentiate between income and wealth and discuss how they relate to social status.
2. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches
In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.
3. Cultural Norms: Definition & Values
Cultural norms are what keep people moving in a similar direction. This lesson explains the relationship between cultural norms and values. We'll also look at an experiment that tells us about our willingness to conform.
4. Cultural Differences in Attributional Patterns
Why do people act the way they do? There are many factors. In this lesson, we discuss how cultural differences can determine attributional patterns. We define internal and external attributions and discuss the attributional tendencies of individualistic cultures compared to collectivistic cultures.
5. What Is a Political Ideology?
Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.
6. What is Political Socialization?
Political socialization is the process by which people form their ideas about politics. This lesson explains political socialization and discusses the means through which Americans form their political values.
7. Global Society: Definition & Concept
Is our world international or global? Is there even a difference? In this lesson, we'll explore the concept of a global society and consider the evidence that could point to its arrival.
8. What Is Spiritual Health? - Definition & Examples
Possibly the most abstract of the various dimension, spiritual health is challenging to define, develop, and maintain. But this aspect of wellness should not be underestimated. An individual with high levels of spiritual wellness will experience increased physical, social, and emotional health.
9. Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures
In this lesson, we define religiosity, secularization, and civil religion. We'll also discuss these concepts both on an individual and cultural scale.
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