About This Chapter
Social Development in Children and Adolescents - Chapter Summary
This chapter starts with an overview of social development and covers the fundamentals of human development and growth for both children and adolescents. You can learn about scientific theories, such as Erikson's stages of identity formation, as well as the six stages of Dodge's social information-processing model. One lesson looks at differences in male and female social development, while another examines different theories governing the moral development of younger individuals.
You'll explore family systems and how parental figures can influence child development. Lessons also explain different attachment styles that relate to parenting and how these can either negatively or positively affect a child's growth. Finally, lessons show the consequences of abuse or neglect on a child's social formation. The topics this chapter will cover include:
- Social development theories in human growth and development
- Erikson's stages of identity formation
- Gender differences in social development
- Theories on moral development
- Dodge's social information-processing model
- Family system theory
- Attachment styles
- Impact of abuse and neglect on child growth and development
Our online lessons on social development in children and adolescents feature videos created by experienced educators and professionals in the field. You can test how well you've learned the material through self-assessment quizzes. You can also access transcripts that help explain the videos, key terms and other fundamentals of this chapter.
1. Social Development Theories in Human Growth and Development
There are various theories on the social development of children. In this lesson, we will follow Sally as she meets with different psychologists, learning and differentiating between three of the most popular theories: psychoanalytic, social learning and attachment.
2. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
3. Social Development of Adolescents: Identity
Adolescents often go through a process of discovering what they believe and who they are. In this lesson, we will examine how a teenager develops his or her self concept and identity. We will also take a look at common factors that influence a teen's identity.
4. Understanding the Impact of Gender Differences in Social Development
How does one's gender impact behavior and interactions with others? Research has shown that men and women interact differently in social settings and society has ideas for what is appropriate male and female behavior.
5. The Different Theories of Moral Development
How do our ideas of right and wrong come into being? There are a few theories that stand out in their explanation of moral development. These include: psychoanalytic theory, evolutionary theory and cognitive theories.
6. Dodge's Social Information-Processing Model: The Five Stages
How do we understand our world and attribute meaning to it? There is a series of five stages that we go through cognitively when we face an event and decide to act on it. Kenneth Dodge called it a Social Information-Processing Model.
7. Family System Theory: Definition and Changes Over Time
The term 'family' can have different definitions, such as a family of a mother, father, and children, or family units that consist of extended family members and friends. This lesson will define the family systems theory and explore various types of families, models of influence, and changing family trends.
8. Attachment Styles: Positive/Negative, Fearful, Secure & More
Attachment and relationships between two people are established at birth and continue through adulthood. The attachment between two adults is no less important than the attachment between a parent and infant. This lesson will explore the attachment styles of adults and similarities between infant-parent attachment styles.
9. The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development
A healthy family relationship can contribute positively to the growth and development of a child. Unfortunately, unhealthy and abusive relationships do occur. This lesson will describe characteristics of abusers and the impact of abuse on a child's growth and development.
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Other chapters within the FTCE School Psychologist PK-12 (036): Test Practice & Study Guide course
- Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology
- Psychology Research & Design Analysis
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Developmental Psychology in Young People
- Individual Differences in Children
- Student Learning and Motivation
- Cognitive Influences on Learning
- Creativity and Intelligence Development in Children and Adolescents
- Sensory, Perceptual & Language Development in Children and Adolescents
- Atypical Development in Children and Adolescents
- Classroom Teaching Strategies
- Biological, Social & Cultural Bases of Learning & Behavior
- Rules and Regulations in Education
- Evidence-Based Interventions
- FTCE School Psychologist PK-12 Flashcards