About This Chapter
Social Development - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Social development may be defined by individuals in different ways, but for this chapter, the definition of social development is the way people develop in their interactions with others. This may vary at different ages. For example, in infants, social development is about learning to form bonds with others. Toddlers learn how to interact properly with others, such as learning that biting others is not acceptable. In older children and adults, it becomes more about how to fit into society and defining yourself based on how you fit into society. Social development, as you will learn in these lessons, touches upon subjects that include:
- Theories of social development
- Gender roles
- Moral development
|Social Development Theories in Human Growth and Development||Analyze the psychoanalytic trait and social learning theories.|
|Social Development of Infants||Explore the definitions of the stages of self and temperament.|
|Social Development of Children||Examine the concept of self-esteem and the influences on self-esteem.|
|Social Development of Adolescents||Discover the idea of self-concepts, identity status and the influences on identity.|
|Social Development of Adults||Take a look at self-concept among adults.|
|Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development||Find out more about the eight stages of psychosocial development.|
|Levinson's Stages of Adult Development||Explore Levinson's theory.|
|Gender Differences and Social Development||Learn about concepts that include gender stability, gender consistency and gender schema.|
|Theories of Moral Development||Differentiate between the psychoanalytic, cognitive, social learning and evolutionary theories of moral development.|
|Dodge's Social Information-Processing Model||Study the six stages of social info processing according to Dodge.|
1. Social Development Theories in Human Growth and Development
There are various theories on the social development of children. In this lesson, we will follow Sally as she meets with different psychologists, learning and differentiating between three of the most popular theories: psychoanalytic, social learning and attachment.
2. Social Development of Infants: Stages of Self and Temperament
When do infants start gaining self-awareness? We will explore the stages infants go through as they increase their knowledge of themselves. We will also look into the typical temperaments of infants.
3. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
4. Social Development of Adolescents: Identity
Adolescents often go through a process of discovering what they believe and who they are. In this lesson, we will examine how a teenager develops his or her self concept and identity. We will also take a look at common factors that influence a teen's identity.
5. Social Development of Adults: Self Concept
How would an adult think about his or her self-concept? In this lesson, we'll take a look at what makes up self-concept in adulthood, its changes over time, and how it relates to self-esteem and self-image.
6. Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory
There has been a lot of talk about the development of children. But, do people continue to develop into their adult years? Psychologist Daniel Levinson thought so. In this lesson, we will look into his seven stages of adult development.
7. Understanding the Impact of Gender Differences in Social Development
How does one's gender impact behavior and interactions with others? Research has shown that men and women interact differently in social settings and society has ideas for what is appropriate male and female behavior.
8. The Different Theories of Moral Development
How do our ideas of right and wrong come into being? There are a few theories that stand out in their explanation of moral development. These include: psychoanalytic theory, evolutionary theory and cognitive theories.
9. Dodge's Social Information-Processing Model: The Five Stages
How do we understand our world and attribute meaning to it? There is a series of five stages that we go through cognitively when we face an event and decide to act on it. Kenneth Dodge called it a Social Information-Processing Model.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 103: Human Growth and Development course
- Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development
- Research Methods and the Study of Human Growth and Development
- Genetic Influences on Development
- Biological Development
- Sensory and Perceptual Development
- Cognition and Cognitive Development
- Creativity and Intelligence Development
- Language Development
- Social Relationship Development
- Atypical Development
- Studying for Psychology 103