About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering social groups in sociology material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about social groups in sociology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
- Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
- Students who have fallen behind in memorizing philosophical theories and class-structure concepts associated with social groups in sociology
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning sociology (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam
How It Works:
- Complete each lesson in the chapter to review all key topics.
- Refer to the lesson to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
- Complete your review with the Social Groups in Sociology chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging instruction and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Social Groups in Sociology chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any sociology question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: View lessons on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about social groups for a standard sociology course. Topics covered include:
- Examples of class privilege
- Definition of American classism
- Presence of classism in the media, education, and schools
- Claude Steele's stereotype threat experiment
- Definition of the closed class system
- Ohlin and Cloward's delinquency and opportunity theory
- Historical overview of classism
- Karl Marx's class conflict theory
- Closed vs. open stratification systems
- Children and social media
- Social movements of Charles Tilly
- Explanation of civil inattention
- Description of class stratification
1. Class Privilege: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll talk about class privilege, or the subtle and sometimes not-so-subtle ways that access to important resources is determined by our social class position.
2. Classism in America: Definition & Examples
Did you know that the exclusion of poor people in American media is an example of classism? In this lesson, we will learn more about classism in America from examples.
3. Classism in Schools & Education
In this lesson, we'll talk about classism, or the process of discrimination based on class position, in U.S. schools. We'll talk about how race and class interact to produce unequal schools.
4. Classism in the Media
This article will give you a brief introduction to classism in the media we consume. Whether it is TV, movies, advertisements or the news, media helps perpetuate certain ideas about class and wealth that are harmful and even oppressive to most people. How does viewing wealth and poverty through popular media influence how we see people who are in a different class from us, both in stories and in real life?
5. Claude Steele's Stereotype Threat Experiment
This lesson looks at the original experiment, designed by Dr. Claude Steele, to determine whether people would confirm negative stereotypes about their group. The discussion includes how the experiment was designed, how the participants were grouped and what the results of the experiment were.
6. Closed Class System in Sociology: Definition & Examples
There is perhaps nothing so frustrating as a lack of opportunity. In a closed class system, you remain at the economic and social level where you were born. In this lesson, we will define the closed class system and explore some examples.
7. Cloward and Ohlin's Delinquency and Opportunity Theory
In this lesson, we'll talk about a theory of delinquency and opportunity theory developed by theorists Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin. These two criminologists suggest that lack of opportunity leads to the formation of criminal subcultures.
8. History of Classism
There is no way to cover the entirety of what classism means in a short article, but this article will give you a brief introduction to the history of classism, and how it interacts with other kinds of prejudice and oppression.
9. Karl Marx's Theory of Class Conflict
This lesson looks at the division that Karl Marx saw in societies throughout history. His theory of class struggle between those who control production and those who produce is discussed.
10. Open vs. Closed Stratification Systems
In an open stratification system, your choices help determine your social status. In a closed stratification system, your social status is defined at birth. In this lesson, we will compare open and closed stratification systems.
11. Social Media and Children
Many are quick to highlight the dangers of social media for children, but there are benefits as well. In this lesson, we'll explore the positives and negatives of social media, and learn how parents can guide their children's social media use.
12. Summary of Charles Tilly's Social Movements
In this lesson, we'll talk about how the sociologist Charles Tilly defines social movements. We'll talk about his definition, what social movements do, and what they need to be successful.
13. What Is Civil Inattention? - Definition & Example
This lesson looks at the sociology term civil inattention. The term is defined as it applies to the work of Erving Goffman and several examples of how people use this skill in cities are examined.
14. What Is Class Stratification? - Definition & Examples
This lesson covers the concept of class stratification, or the divisions within our society based on one's position in the social hierarchy. A system of stratification means people have different and unequal access to important resources.
15. Status Frustration: Definition & Theory
In this lesson, we'll talk about the theory of status frustration, which the sociologist Albert Cohen developed to explain why working class boys engage in delinquent behavior.
16. Courtesy Stigma: Definition & Examples
Did you know that having a stigmatized condition can negatively impact not only the person suffering with it, but also their family and friends? In this lesson we will discuss courtesy stigma by looking at two examples.
17. Deindividualization: Definition, Theory & Examples
What causes rioting in crowds? Why do people act differently as part of a crowd than as an individual? The theory of deindividualization suggests that when we're part of an anonymous crowd we're more likely to do things we normally would not.
18. Differential Socialization: Definition, Theory & Examples
Gender roles are societal constructs that are developed in children over time. This lesson reviews the definition and theory behind differential socialization as well as offering examples of this concept.
19. Total Institution: Definition, Characteristics & Examples
According to the sociologist Erving Goffman, boarding schools have more in common with cults than we may think. In this lesson we'll look at his concept of total institutions, which are places or organizations whose members are very similar, and are separate from society at large.
20. Claude Levi-Strauss: Biography, Theory & Structuralism
Claude Levi-Strauss is one of the most famous anthropologists who ever lived. In this lesson, we'll talk about his life and legacy as well as his contributions to the theory of structuralism, the idea that human thought and culture are made up of universal patterns.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.