About This Chapter
Social Groups & Interactions - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter are a quick and easy way to get up to speed on social groups and interactions. You'll find discussions of topics like secondary social groups, Max Weber's theory of Verstehen, groupthink, and the effects of social loafing. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Discuss different types of social groups, including primary, secondary, and reference groups
- Explain authoritarian, laissez-faire, and democratic leadership styles
- Describe social conformity, including normative and informational conformity
- Define groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation
- Explore social groups, including dyad, triad, in-groups, and out-groups
- Describe formal organization structures, such as utilitarian, normative, and coercive
- Examine Max Weber's theory of Verstehen and the rationalization of society
- Detail George Ritzer's concept of the McDonaldization of society'
These video lessons are an engaging way to get up to speed on the topics covered. Each video is accompanied by a full written transcript. Vocabulary words are highlighted in bold print for easy recognition. A brief multiple-choice quiz is available for each lesson to test your knowledge, and the quizzes have links back to specific topics in the video in case there's areas you need to review further.
1. Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups
The study of social groups is a main focus of many sociologists. In this lesson, we define social groups and differentiate between several different types including primary, secondary, and reference groups.
2. Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic
Most of us are members of many different social groups, and several of those groups have leaders. In this lesson, we define and discuss both instrumental and expressive leadership in groups. We also cover three leadership decision-making styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire.
3. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
4. Groupthink: Definition & Examples
Some groups are quick to make decisions to maintain cohesion, but this can be a critical mistake to make. This lesson explains the concept of groupthink using the Challenger explosion as an example.
5. Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups
Do you prefer to work in a group or by yourself? Why? Working in a group certainly has a number of advantages and disadvantages. In this lesson, we discuss three phenomena that can occur as a result of working in groups: groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation.
6. Social Groups: Dyad and Triad & In-Groups and Out-Groups
How big are your social groups? How do you decide who to include in those groups? In this lesson, we discuss how group size can affect group dynamics and relationships. We also discuss group membership and differentiate between in-groups and out-groups.
7. Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive
Our modern society is filled with groups of people that range from small families to giant corporations. In this lesson, we discuss the characteristics that must be present in order for a group to be considered a formal organization. We also discuss the differences between coercive, utilitarian, and normative organizations.
8. Max Weber: Verstehen and the Rationalization of Society
Max Weber's work has had a profound impact on sociology. In this lesson, we define and discuss his theory of rationalization and how it has changed social groups and society as a whole over time. We also discuss Weber's other related theories of Verstehen and the iron cage.
9. George Ritzer and the McDonaldization of Society: Definition and Principles
George Ritzer authored 'The McDonaldization of Society' in 1993, and it remains one of the bestselling sociology books of all time. In this lesson, we discuss his concept of McDonaldization and the four main characteristics of McDonaldization that he describes.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Sociology (5952): Practice & Study Guide course
- Introduction to Sociology
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Sociological Research Methods
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Human Development Theories in Sociology
- Understanding Diversity through Sociology
- Sex and Gender Roles
- Race & Ethnicity in Society
- Understanding Aging through Sociology
- Studying Social Institutions
- Social Changes & Behaviors
- Political & Economic Systems
- Praxis Sociology Flashcards