About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Social Groups & Organizations chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Types of social groups and leadership styles|| Primary and secondary groups, reference groups, impersonal groups, close-knit groups;|
Instrumental and expressive leadership; goal achievement, group cohesion, group consensus, decisions without group input
|Tuesday||Social conformity and groupthink||Fitting in, desire to be liked, desire to be right, conformity vs. obedience, groupthink, Milgram and Asch, Challenger launch decision|
|Wednesday||Group effects, dyads, triads and in-groups and out-groups||Less effort, sucker effect, free-rider effect, group dynamics, influence of a third person, group identification|
|Thursday||Formal organization structure|| Three types of organization structure;|
Specific goal, division of labor, replacing members, force, bartering
|Friday||Max Weber and George Ritzer||Verstehen, rationalization and bureaucracy; four types of rationality; understanding group interaction and purpose, reason, practical rationality, 'McDonalizing', fast food dominance, predictability, calculability, efficiency|
1. Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive
Our modern society is filled with groups of people that range from small families to giant corporations. In this lesson, we discuss the characteristics that must be present in order for a group to be considered a formal organization. We also discuss the differences between coercive, utilitarian, and normative organizations.
2. George Ritzer and the McDonaldization of Society: Definition and Principles
George Ritzer authored 'The McDonaldization of Society' in 1993, and it remains one of the bestselling sociology books of all time. In this lesson, we discuss his concept of McDonaldization and the four main characteristics of McDonaldization that he describes.
3. Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic
Most of us are members of many different social groups, and several of those groups have leaders. In this lesson, we define and discuss both instrumental and expressive leadership in groups. We also cover three leadership decision-making styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire.
4. Max Weber: Verstehen and the Rationalization of Society
Max Weber's work has had a profound impact on sociology. In this lesson, we define and discuss his theory of rationalization and how it has changed social groups and society as a whole over time. We also discuss Weber's other related theories of Verstehen and the iron cage.
5. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
6. Social Groups: Dyad and Triad & In-Groups and Out-Groups
How big are your social groups? How do you decide who to include in those groups? In this lesson, we discuss how group size can affect group dynamics and relationships. We also discuss group membership and differentiate between in-groups and out-groups.
7. Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups
Do you prefer to work in a group or by yourself? Why? Working in a group certainly has a number of advantages and disadvantages. In this lesson, we discuss three phenomena that can occur as a result of working in groups: groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation.
8. Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups
The study of social groups is a main focus of many sociologists. In this lesson, we define social groups and differentiate between several different types including primary, secondary, and reference groups.
9. Groupthink: Definition & Examples
Some groups are quick to make decisions to maintain cohesion, but this can be a critical mistake to make. This lesson explains the concept of groupthink using the Challenger explosion as an example.
10. Interactionism in Sociology: Definition & Examples
Interactionism is one of the four common theoretical perspectives of sociology. Learn more about interactionism from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
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