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Ch 9: Social Institutions & Power Structures

About This Chapter

Study social institutions and power structures with these convenient sociology test prep materials. This chapter can be accessed on any Internet-connected device so you can improve your knowledge at your convenience. Use the lessons and quizzes to prepare for an exam, complete an assignment or work towards college credit.

Social Institutions & Power Structures - Chapter Summary

If you need to review fundamental power structures and social institutions as they relate to the study of sociology, check out this series of short and informative lessons. Inside the chapter, you'll find clear and engaging lessons that examine the historical and current roles of religion, education, economics and social power in society. After studying each sociology concept, take the accompanying lesson quiz to make sure you've fully grasped the material. Our expert instructors are available to answer your questions, and you can study these lessons on any device that has an Internet connection.

Upon completion of this chapter, you'll be equipped to:

  • Assess the role of religion in society
  • Recognize various religious belief systems
  • Understand how society and religion changed through liberation theology and Protestantism
  • Define the concept of a dominant ideology
  • Explain the differing functions of school in society
  • Differentiate between capitalism and socialism
  • Summarize Karl Marx's economic theories
  • Determine how people can be affected by false consciousness
  • Analyze several sociological theories, including Wallerstein's world systems theory, social power theories and Weber's avenues to social power

11 Lessons in Chapter 9: Social Institutions & Power Structures
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society

1. What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society

This lesson will focus on the traits of religion. Using the works of Tillich and Noss, it will highlight religion's belief in the supernatural, its inclusion of a moral code, and its use of prescribed ritual acts.

What Is Religious Belief? - Definition & Systems

2. What Is Religious Belief? - Definition & Systems

Is there a Heaven? Where did people come from? These questions and more have been answered through the religious beliefs of every human civilization throughout history.

Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

3. Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

Religion can, at times, be a powerful agent for social change. In this lesson, we discuss two examples of the dichotomy between religion and the secular world, including Max Weber's book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, as well as the concept of liberation theology.

Dominant Ideology: Definition & Examples

4. Dominant Ideology: Definition & Examples

Dominant ideologies have a considerable influence on our daily lives, and they can be simple or very complicated. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define a dominant ideology and explore some theories and examples from various societies.

Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Transmission, Integration & Latent Functions

5. Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Transmission, Integration & Latent Functions

Schools serve a number of functions in our society beyond just transmitting academic knowledge and skills. In this lesson, we differentiate between manifest and latent functions of schools and discuss examples of each.

Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism

6. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism

In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.

Economic Determinism and Karl Marx: Definition & History

7. Economic Determinism and Karl Marx: Definition & History

Understand the economic theory of Karl Marx, known as economic determinism, and how it related to historical materialism, the mode of production, the means of production, and Marxism.

False Consciousness in Sociology: Definition & Examples

8. False Consciousness in Sociology: Definition & Examples

This lesson describes false consciousness and provides examples of how a person might experience this condition. You will learn about criticisms of this approach and can consider whether or not you agree that false consciousness exists.

World Systems Theory: Core vs. Peripheral Societies

9. World Systems Theory: Core vs. Peripheral Societies

World systems theory was proposed by sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein. This lesson discusses the three-level hierarchy approach to economics, which consists of core, periphery, and semi-periphery countries, in the context of global inequality.

Social Power Theories: Pluralist, Power-Elite & Marxist Models

10. Social Power Theories: Pluralist, Power-Elite & Marxist Models

This lesson will explain and differentiate three major theories of power in society: The pluralist model, the power-elite model and the Marxist model.

Social Power Theory: Definition of Weber's Avenues to Social Power

11. Social Power Theory: Definition of Weber's Avenues to Social Power

According to prominent sociologist Max Weber, there are only three legitimate avenues to social power. This lesson will discuss the differences between charismatic authority, traditional authority, and rational-legal authority.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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