About This Chapter
Social Institutions & Power Structures - Chapter Summary
If you need to review fundamental power structures and social institutions as they relate to the study of sociology, check out this series of short and informative lessons. Inside the chapter, you'll find clear and engaging lessons that examine the historical and current roles of religion, education, economics and social power in society. After studying each sociology concept, take the accompanying lesson quiz to make sure you've fully grasped the material. Our expert instructors are available to answer your questions, and you can study these lessons on any device that has an Internet connection.
Upon completion of this chapter, you'll be equipped to:
- Assess the role of religion in society
- Recognize various religious belief systems
- Understand how society and religion changed through liberation theology and Protestantism
- Define the concept of a dominant ideology
- Explain the differing functions of school in society
- Differentiate between capitalism and socialism
- Summarize Karl Marx's economic theories
- Determine how people can be affected by false consciousness
- Analyze several sociological theories, including Wallerstein's world systems theory, social power theories and Weber's avenues to social power
1. What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society
This lesson will focus on the traits of religion. Using the works of Tillich and Noss, it will highlight religion's belief in the supernatural, its inclusion of a moral code, and its use of prescribed ritual acts.
2. What Is Religious Belief? - Definition & Systems
Is there a Heaven? Where did people come from? These questions and more have been answered through the religious beliefs of every human civilization throughout history.
3. Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology
Religion can, at times, be a powerful agent for social change. In this lesson, we discuss two examples of the dichotomy between religion and the secular world, including Max Weber's book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, as well as the concept of liberation theology.
4. Dominant Ideology: Definition & Examples
Dominant ideologies have a considerable influence on our daily lives, and they can be simple or very complicated. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define a dominant ideology and explore some theories and examples from various societies.
5. Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Transmission, Integration & Latent Functions
Schools serve a number of functions in our society beyond just transmitting academic knowledge and skills. In this lesson, we differentiate between manifest and latent functions of schools and discuss examples of each.
6. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism
In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.
7. Economic Determinism and Karl Marx: Definition & History
Understand the economic theory of Karl Marx, known as economic determinism, and how it related to historical materialism, the mode of production, the means of production, and Marxism.
8. False Consciousness in Sociology: Definition & Examples
This lesson describes false consciousness and provides examples of how a person might experience this condition. You will learn about criticisms of this approach and can consider whether or not you agree that false consciousness exists.
9. World Systems Theory: Core vs. Peripheral Societies
World systems theory was proposed by sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein. This lesson discusses the three-level hierarchy approach to economics, which consists of core, periphery, and semi-periphery countries, in the context of global inequality.
10. Social Power Theories: Pluralist, Power-Elite & Marxist Models
This lesson will explain and differentiate three major theories of power in society: The pluralist model, the power-elite model and the Marxist model.
11. Social Power Theory: Definition of Weber's Avenues to Social Power
According to prominent sociologist Max Weber, there are only three legitimate avenues to social power. This lesson will discuss the differences between charismatic authority, traditional authority, and rational-legal authority.
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Other chapters within the TECEP Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Sociology & Sociological Theory
- Research in Sociology
- Culture & Sociology
- Socialization & Interaction
- Social Structure & Control
- Stratification & Social Mobility
- Inequality in Society
- Gender, Family & Sexuality
- Health & Environmental Sociology
- Societal Change Over Time
- TECEP Introduction to Sociology Flashcards