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Ch 20: Societies in Anthropology

About This Chapter

Watch societies in anthropology video lessons and learn about foraging societies, horticultural societies, agricultural societies and more. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

Societies in Anthropology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In anthropology, a society is a group of people who share a territory and are linked together by social interaction. Societies may be classified according to how the people in it produce food. In this chapter, you'll take a look at different types of societies and analyze their production and consumption habits. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:

  • Name the social and cultural traits of foraging societies
  • Give examples of horticultural societies
  • Describe the history and distinguishing features of agricultural societies
  • Name the social and cultural traits of pastoral societies
  • Describe how societies organize their production, distribution and consumption
  • Explain what motivates the people in a society to produce, distribute and consume

Video Objective
Social and Cultural Traits of Foraging Societies Explore the lifestyles and practices of foraging societies as well as what distinguishes these peoples from other types of civilizations
What Are Horticultural Societies? - Traits and Examples Learn about the culture and customs of horticultural societies and the types of tools used by these peoples
Agricultural Societies: Definition, History & Distinguishing Features Discover the types of people who practice cultivation and farming as their way of life, and find out how they differ from horticultural societies
Understanding Pastoral Societies Look at the practices and customs of pastoral societies and learn how these nomadic people make a living
How Societies Organize their Production, Distribution & Consumption Explain the methods different societies have for organizing their production, distribution and consumption
The Motivation to Produce, Distribute & Consume within Society Learn about what factors drive individuals within a society to produce, distribute, exchange and consume

6 Lessons in Chapter 20: Societies in Anthropology
Social and Cultural Traits of Foraging Societies

1. Social and Cultural Traits of Foraging Societies

This lesson will explain foraging societies. It will focus on their small communities, their nomadic lifestyles, and their relative lack of political structure and social stratification.

What Are Horticultural Societies? - Traits and Examples

2. What Are Horticultural Societies? - Traits and Examples

This lesson will seek to explain what horticulture is and different types of horticultural societies. In doing so, it will highlight the Yanomami society of the Amazon and the Samoans of the South Pacific.

Agricultural Societies: Definition, History & Distinguishing Features

3. Agricultural Societies: Definition, History & Distinguishing Features

This lesson will seek to define intensive agriculture. In doing so, it will highlight the concepts of subsistence versus commercialization. It will also define cash crops and agribusinesses.

Understanding Pastoral Societies

4. Understanding Pastoral Societies

This lesson will seek to explain the cultural traits of pastoral societies. In doing so, it will also explain the difference between an intensive and an extensive pastoral system.

How Societies Organize Their Production

5. How Societies Organize Their Production

This lesson will seek to explain the different ways in which societies organize their production. In doing so, it will define domestic, tributary, and capitalist production, as well as postindustrialism.

The Motivation to Produce, Distribute & Consume within Society

6. The Motivation to Produce, Distribute & Consume within Society

This lesson will seek to explain the motivation for differing economies across the globe. In doing so, it will highlight the concepts of subsistence, profit motive, and cash crops.

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