About This Chapter
Societies - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter's instructional videos to learn about the characteristics, history and structure of multiple types of societies. Discover how people who live in different societies are motivated to distribute or exchange goods and the ways that human behavior systems are organized. These lessons are designed to teach you about the following topics:
- Foraging societies
- Horticultural societies
- Agricultural societies
- Pastoral societies
- Production within societies
- Motivation within societies
The lessons in this chapter contain illustrated video lessons and transcripts that highlight key concepts to help you learn about the similarities and differences between societies. You can also use the multiple-choice quizzes to track your course progress and test what you have learned.
1. Social and Cultural Traits of Foraging Societies
This lesson will explain foraging societies. It will focus on their small communities, their nomadic lifestyles, and their relative lack of political structure and social stratification.
2. What Are Horticultural Societies? - Traits and Examples
This lesson will seek to explain what horticulture is and different types of horticultural societies. In doing so, it will highlight the Yanomami society of the Amazon and the Samoans of the South Pacific.
3. Agricultural Societies: Definition, History & Distinguishing Features
This lesson will seek to define intensive agriculture. In doing so, it will highlight the concepts of subsistence versus commercialization. It will also define cash crops and agribusinesses.
4. Understanding Pastoral Societies
This lesson will seek to explain the cultural traits of pastoral societies. In doing so, it will also explain the difference between an intensive and an extensive pastoral system.
5. How Societies Organize Their Production
This lesson will seek to explain the different ways in which societies organize their production. In doing so, it will define domestic, tributary, and capitalist production, as well as postindustrialism.
6. The Motivation to Produce, Distribute & Consume within Society
This lesson will seek to explain the motivation for differing economies across the globe. In doing so, it will highlight the concepts of subsistence, profit motive, and cash crops.
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Other chapters within the Civics Study Guide course
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- Constitutional Democracy in the US
- Federalism in the US
- U.S. Political Parties, Voters & Electoral Process
- American Public Opinion
- Interest Groups in the United States
- Mass Media in the United States
- The U.S.'s Legislative Branch
- The U.S.'s Executive Branch
- The Judicial Branch of the U.S.
- Civil Liberties in the United States
- Civil Rights in the United States
- Economic, Fiscal & Trade Policy in the U.S.
- Overview of Public Policy
- Issues in Morality
- Basic Theories of Morality
- Basic Concepts of Morality