About This Chapter
Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Starting around the year 950, the Medieval Warm Period sparked an agricultural revolution that had a drastic impact on Europe and led to advancements that changed civilization forever. By studying the lessons in this chapter, you'll learn about these major changes and the inventions that made them possible. You'll get details on topics like:
- What agricultural technologies were created in the Medieval Warm Period
- How the crossbow impacted the feudal system
- What characteristics defined Romanesque art and architecture
- What spurred urban growth and commerce around the 12th century
- Why guilds developed during the High Middle Ages
|The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies||Explore the role of a warmer climate and agricultural advancements in the medieval agricultural revolution.|
|The Return of the Crossbow and Its Implications for Europe||Find out why the reemergence of the crossbow threatened the medieval feudal system.|
|The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce||See what factors contributed to the urban revolution that occurred around the 12th century.|
|Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages||Discover the structure of medieval guilds and how they benefited members.|
|Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style||Examine religious and secular Romanesque art forms.|
|Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History||Learn about towers, vaults and other Romanesque architectural developments.|
1. The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies
In this lesson, we explore the factors that brought about Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution. We look at the climate of Europe and the key agricultural technologies and techniques that revolutionized agriculture: the heavy plow, the horse collar & the three field crop rotation system.
2. The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe
This lesson looks at the return of the crossbow to Medieval Europe. The relative cost of crossbows to armored knights is explored, as are the socioeconomic repercussions of each.
3. The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce
This lesson explores the urban revolution of the 12th century. We will examine the causes, especially the resurgence of trade, and then look at the various factors that made the revolution possible. Finally, we will discuss the impact of this revolution on Medieval Europe.
4. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages
Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.
5. Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson covers the explosion of Romanesque art in the 11th century. We briefly explore the causes behind this movement. Then we look at the two most notable forms of Romanesque art: sculptural decoration and stained glass windows. Finally, we examine the emergence of medieval secular art.
6. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History
In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance