About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Sociology Research Methods chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Sociology research basics||Positivist, interpretivist, and critical approaches to sociology|
|Tuesday||Types of research and true experimental design||Cross-sectional and longitudinal research design, case studies, field studies, survey studies, experiments and quasi-experiments, independent and dependent variables, experimental and control groups, random assignment, and sampling types|
Quantitative vs. qualitative research
|Purposes and defining qualities of ethnography; characteristics of quantitative and qualitative research|
|Thursday||Research correlations||Scatter plots, correlation coefficients, and positive and negative correlations|
|Friday|| Validity and reliability;|
Assessing research quality
|Reliability across time and samples; internal, external, and ecological validity|
1. Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research
In this lesson, we identify the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods in the social sciences. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each approach.
2. What Is Ethnography? - Studying Cultural Phenomena
Researchers use various methods to answer questions. Some questions cannot be answered through quantitative measures; they are best addressed through qualitative research methods, such as ethnography. This lesson will discuss the defining qualities, methods, and uses of ethnography.
3. What is Sociological Research? - Positivist, Interpretive and Critical Approaches
Human society is a complex network, and there are many ways to study it. In this lesson, we'll look at three approaches to sociology: positivist, interpretive and critical.
4. How to Interpret Correlations in Research Results
Perhaps the most common statistic you'll see from psychology is a correlation. Do you know how to correctly interpret correlations when you see them? This lesson covers everything you need to know.
5. True Experimental Design
Experiments are the classic way to conduct research in almost any field of study. But do you know how true experiments really work? This lesson explains the details of experimental design, such as different types of samples, control groups and independent vs. dependent variables.
6. Types of Research Design
There are questions to be answered in all areas of psychology. How are these questions answered by professionals in the field? This lesson covers several different options researchers can use to approach such questions.
7. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
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