About This Chapter
Research Methods in Sociology
What is sociological research? Do you know what the positivist, interpretive and critical approaches are to sociological research? In these lessons, you will figure out the answers to both of those questions and more. You will learn things like the difference between a cross-sectional study and longitudinal study. In addition, the lessons will cover the following:
- An overview of research design methodology and the types of research design - archival, case studies, field/naturalistic studies, survey/interview studies, experiments and quasi-experiments
- A discussion of the aspects of true experimental design, including independent vs. dependent variables, experimental vs. control groups and samples vs. populations
- The advantages and disadvantages of quantitative vs. qualitative research
- How to interpret correlations in research results, including the difference between positive and negative correlations and what the number indicates
- How to assess the quality of a research study with an explanation of internal validity, external validity, ecological validity and reliability
We hope you get the most out of our engaging video lessons. Each one is designed to present the information in a straightforward, accessible manner. Since our video lessons are taught by experts on the subject, including current and former college professors and instructors, the quality of the information is top-notch. Thanks for watching!
1. What is Sociological Research? - Positivist, Interpretive and Critical Approaches
Human society is a complex network, and there are many ways to study it. In this lesson, we'll look at three approaches to sociology: positivist, interpretive and critical.
2. Types of Research Design
There are questions to be answered in all areas of psychology. How are these questions answered by professionals in the field? This lesson covers several different options researchers can use to approach such questions.
3. True Experimental Design
Experiments are the classic way to conduct research in almost any field of study. But do you know how true experiments really work? This lesson explains the details of experimental design, such as different types of samples, control groups and independent vs. dependent variables.
4. What Is Ethnography? - Studying Cultural Phenomena
Researchers use various methods to answer questions. Some questions cannot be answered through quantitative measures; they are best addressed through qualitative research methods, such as ethnography. This lesson will discuss the defining qualities, methods, and uses of ethnography.
5. Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research
In this lesson, we identify the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods in the social sciences. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each approach.
6. How to Interpret Correlations in Research Results
Perhaps the most common statistic you'll see from psychology is a correlation. Do you know how to correctly interpret correlations when you see them? This lesson covers everything you need to know.
7. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
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Other chapters within the Sociology 101: Intro to Sociology course
- Introduction to Sociology: The Basics
- Key Sociology Theorists
- Foundations of Society
- Theories of Individual Social Development
- Social Groups & Organizations
- Diversity in Society
- Sex and Gender in Society
- Race and Ethnicity in Society
- Aging in Society
- Economics and Politics
- Social Institutions
- Social Change Over Time
- Studying for Sociology 101