Ch 4: Spanish Grammar Rules

About This Chapter

The Spanish Grammar Rules chapter of this Basic Spanish: Help & Review course is the simplest way to master Spanish grammar rules. This chapter uses simple and fun lessons that only take about five minutes, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you learn the essentials of Spanish grammar rules.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Spanish grammar rules material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn Spanish grammar rules. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding Spanish grammar rules for proper sentence structure
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning Spanish (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about Spanish grammar rules
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra Spanish learning resources

How It Works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Spanish Grammar Rules chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Spanish grammar rules chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any Spanish grammar rules question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Spanish grammar rules unit of a standard basic Spanish course. Topics covered include:

  • Spanish rules for neither-nor and either-or
  • Adjective placement and clauses
  • Adverbial clauses
  • True and false Spanish cognates
  • Spanish if-then statements
  • Indirect commands and indefinite words
  • Irregular preterite verbs and infinitive verbs
  • Irregular superlatives, comparatives, and commands
  • Spanish irregular verbs
  • Feminine and masculine grammar terms
  • Examples of passive voice
  • Spanish possessive pronouns
  • 'Si' clauses and 'ser' sentences
  • Basic and simple Spanish sentences
  • Simple subjunctive sentences
  • Adding the infinitive to 'tener que'

32 Lessons in Chapter 4: Spanish Grammar Rules
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Either-Or & Neither-Nor in Spanish

1. Either-Or & Neither-Nor in Spanish

It's time for a vacation! Would you like to go swimming at the beach or hiking in the mountains? Maybe you don't want to do either. This lesson will show you how use either/or and neither/nor in Spanish to express choices and opinions.

Adjective Clauses in Spanish

2. Adjective Clauses in Spanish

In this lesson, you'll learn how adjective clauses work in Spanish. Knowing how to adequately form and use them will make you sound more natural and give flow to your conversations with native speakers.

Adjective Placement in Spanish

3. Adjective Placement in Spanish

This lesson provides you with the rule for placing adjectives in Spanish. As with most rules, there are some exceptions and this lesson also provides you with an explanation for each exception, which you will often find in Spanish.

Adverbial Clauses in Spanish

4. Adverbial Clauses in Spanish

Adverbial clauses are groups of words that work as adverbs, so they describe actions or add more information about a particular event. Learning about the types of adverbial clauses, including time, purpose, concessive, and conditional.

What are Cognates in Spanish? - False & True Examples

5. What are Cognates in Spanish? - False & True Examples

This lesson will teach you the definition of both cognates and false cognates in Spanish. Lists of common cognates and false cognates and their pronunciation are also covered.

If-Then Statements in Spanish

6. If-Then Statements in Spanish

But what happens if...? We often use 'If....then' statements to talk about what will happen if a certain condition is met. In this lesson, we'll look at different types of 'if-then' statements in Spanish and the corresponding verb tenses for each.

Indefinite Words in Spanish

7. Indefinite Words in Spanish

In this lesson, you'll learn how to use indefinite words when referring to unknown nouns in Spanish. You'll also find some examples of these indefinite words and see how they're used in sentences.

Indirect Commands in Spanish

8. Indirect Commands in Spanish

In this lesson we will learn about indirect commands in Spanish, which are mainly used to give orders to a general or unspecified audience, or through a third party. Also, indirect commands can be used to request something in a polite or formal way.

Infinitive Verbs in Spanish

9. Infinitive Verbs in Spanish

This lesson provides you with a list of Spanish verbs in the infinitive form, which means they are not conjugated. The lesson also gives you some phrases you can use along with verbs in the infinitive form in order to communicate in a practical way.

Irregular Preterite Verbs in Spanish

10. Irregular Preterite Verbs in Spanish

The preterite has many irregular verbs that change stems or change completely when conjugated. Don't worry - with practice you will have these down in no time!

Irregular Commands in Spanish: Formal & Tu

11. Irregular Commands in Spanish: Formal & Tu

Who doesn't love getting to boss people around? In Spanish, commands are formed relatively easily with a few exceptions of irregular command forms. This lesson will look at irregular tú and formal commands in Spanish.

Irregular Comparatives & Superlatives in Spanish

12. Irregular Comparatives & Superlatives in Spanish

If you want to compare two things, or declare something as the least or most, you will need to use comparatives and superlatives. While regular comparatives and superlatives usually employ the word ''más'' before an adjective, this focuses on irregular forms that do not.

What are Irregular Verbs in Spanish?

13. What are Irregular Verbs in Spanish?

Did you know that verbs can be regular or irregular? In this lesson you'll learn the difference between regular and irregular verbs and the four categories of irregular verbs in Spanish.

Masculine & Feminine in Spanish

14. Masculine & Feminine in Spanish

You know that people and animals are masculine or feminine, but did you know that nouns in Spanish have gender? In this lesson, we'll look at the differences between masculine and feminine nouns and learn some tips to remember them.

Passive Voice in Spanish: Examples & Practice

15. Passive Voice in Spanish: Examples & Practice

The passive voice is not as frequently used in Spanish as in English. However, there are some cases in which we need to use it, as well as the ''se'' construction, which expresses the same idea. In this lesson, we will analyze them in detail.

Possessive Pronouns in Spanish

16. Possessive Pronouns in Spanish

In this lesson, you'll learn how to identify possessive pronouns in Spanish. You'll also find out how to choose the correct form of a pronoun and use it in a sentence.

Sentences Using Ser

17. Sentences Using Ser

In this lesson, you'll find a few guidelines to help you with the use of the verb 'ser' in the context of specific sentences. By following those guidelines, the verb will always be used appropriately.

Si Clauses in Spanish

18. Si Clauses in Spanish

In this lesson we will analyze all the possible types of si (if) clauses in Spanish. Si clauses are used to express a condition that needs to be met so that a result happens; in other words, if X happens, then Y happens.

Simple & Basic Spanish Sentences: Preterite & Imperfect

19. Simple & Basic Spanish Sentences: Preterite & Imperfect

We usually like to remember and talk about our past. Therefore, it is especially helpful to know how to use the past tense structures when we are trying to make connections with new people from other cultures. In this lesson, you will have the opportunity lo learn how to express yourself in the past in Spanish.

Simple Spanish Subjunctive Sentences

20. Simple Spanish Subjunctive Sentences

Do you know how to use subjunctive in Spanish? Do you have any doubts about its general usage? Don't worry! In this lesson, you will learn the basics and following these rules, you won't be afraid to use it anymore!

Tener Que + Infinitive in Spanish

21. Tener Que + Infinitive in Spanish

What do you have to do today? Go to school, work or shopping? Every day, we all have many things that we need to do. This lesson will help you learn how to say what you have to do using the expression tener que.

Adjectives to Adverbs in Spanish

22. Adjectives to Adverbs in Spanish

In this lesson, learn about adverbs and how they are formed in Spanish. Learning about adverbs will allow you to enrich your vocabulary and describe actions more accurately when you speak Spanish.

Car Gar Zar Commands in Spanish: Usted & Tu

23. Car Gar Zar Commands in Spanish: Usted & Tu

Sometimes you need to tell someone what to do, or maybe what not to do. In this lesson, you will learn how to use verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar in imperative commands in the formal and informal forms in Spanish.

Car Gar Zar Verbs in Spanish: Present & Preterite

24. Car Gar Zar Verbs in Spanish: Present & Preterite

The letters -car -gar, and -zar are Spanish verb endings. These verbs change their spelling conjugation in the first person singular 'yo.' In this lesson, you will learn how to conjugate them in the present and preterite forms.

Contractions in Spanish

25. Contractions in Spanish

Contractions serve to join two words together to shorten expressions. This lesson teaches you about the contractions in Spanish and gives you hints for their use in daily conversation. Then practice what you've learned about contractions with the quiz.

Irregular Adjectives in Spanish

26. Irregular Adjectives in Spanish

In this lesson, we are going to get to know some adjectives that don't change form for feminine nouns. We will also review what adjectives are all about and expand our vocabulary.

Irregular Comparative Adjectives in Spanish

27. Irregular Comparative Adjectives in Spanish

In this lesson we talk about adjectives and the structures we use to make comparisons. We focus on those adjectives that do not follow the general rule. By learning them you will be able to make descriptions and express opinions.

Negative & Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish

28. Negative & Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish

In daily conversation, we often mention people, animals, or things in general. This means that we do not specify a particular person, animal, or thing. You need indefinite pronouns to do this in Spanish; this lesson explains how to use indefinite pronouns.

Spanish Capitalization Rules

29. Spanish Capitalization Rules

The use of capital letters varies from language to language, and Spanish is no exception. This lesson gives you an overview of these rules, so your writing will be impeccable.

Spanish Diphthongs & Triphthongs

30. Spanish Diphthongs & Triphthongs

The words ''diphthongs'' and ''triphthongs'' occur in Spanish too! We'll go over the definitions and some examples in English, then move on to examples and rules for them in Spanish.

Connective Words in Spanish

31. Connective Words in Spanish

Do you need to complete a writing task in Spanish, but find yourself lost looking for the right connective words? Would you like to enrich your writing? In this lesson you will learn about connective words and how to use them adequately.

What is Gerund in Spanish?

32. What is Gerund in Spanish?

When it comes to the 'gerund' in Spanish, you may have the tendency to think of the English gerund. However, the Spanish gerund is simply a verbal form. Let's learn it in this lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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