About This Chapter
Special Topics in Bioethics - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Taught by experienced instructors, the lessons in this chapter help you understand special topics in bioethics. Some topics you will visit include the U.S. health care system and research ethics. You'll find a blend of video and text lessons, each accompanied by a brief assessment quiz. By the end of the chapter, you should be familiar with bioethics topics including:
- The structure of the U.S. health care system
- Demographics that affects health care
- Medical technology
- Components of research ethics
|The U.S. Health Care System: Description, Structure, Cost, Quality & Access||Evaluate different components of the health care system in the U.S. such as quality and structure.|
|Race & Demographics of Health Care in the United States||Summarize how different races are impacted by the health care system.|
|Gender & Demographics of U.S. Health Care||Analyze how women have specific issues that impact their health care.|
|Class & Demographics of Health Care in the U.S.||Explain how class is treated in the health care system.|
|Tuskegee Syphilis Case Study & U.S. Health Care||Identify important details about this notorious study.|
|Organs & Tissues as Scarce Medical Resources||Evaluate the ethics that surrounds organ donation.|
|Medical Technology, Scarcity & Ethics||Analyze the issues that occur when medical technology is scarce and underdeveloped.|
|Medical Services, Scarcity & Ethics||Understand the decisions that doctors much make when there are scarce resources.|
|Paying for Health Care: Ethical Issues||Summarize the different ways health care is paid for.|
|HIV and AIDs: Definition, Statistics & History||Review the history of HIV and AIDs.|
|Treatment Methodologies for HIV||Identify the different treatment methods for HIV.|
|HIV and AIDs: Ethical Considerations||Examine the ethical issues that surround HIV and AIDs.|
|Informed Consent & Biomedical Research Ethics||Analyze the importance of informed consent and other general research ethics information.|
|Beneficence & Nonmaleficence in Research Ethics||Distinguish the differences between beneficence and nonmaleficence.|
|Autonomy in Biomedical Research Ethics||Focus on the ethics that make up biomedical research.|
|Willowbrook Hepatitis Experiments: Bioethics Case Study||Discover this specific case study and how it relates to biomedical research.|
1. The U.S. Health Care System: Description, Structure, Cost, Quality & Access
This lesson will explore the issues associated with the costs and quality of health care access, as well as what HMOs, PPOs, POS, HSAs, Medicare, and Medicaid are.
2. Race & Demographics of Health Care in the United States
In the US, your ability to access health care is partially dependent on your race. In this lesson, learn about some of the issues that affect the health of Americans of different races and some things that we could do to improve the health of all Americans.
3. Gender & Demographics of U.S. Health Care
Within the U.S. health care system, women and men actually do get different levels of treatment. This isn't so much the fault of the health care system itself as it is the fault of societal expectations of the different genders.
4. Class & Demographics of Health Care in the U.S.
In the US, social class is the primary factor affecting your health and the quality of health care that you receive. In this lesson, learn about some of the reasons for this disparity.
5. Tuskegee Syphilis Case Study & U.S. Health Care
Withholding treatment and allowing people to die during an experiment sounds unimaginable. However the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment did just that, which resulted in the deaths of numerous African American males. This lesson describes the experiment and the racial issues at the time that allowed it to occur.
6. Organs & Tissues as Scarce Medical Resources
Who deserves to get an organ donation? Is there a paucity of organs available for transplantation? How can we improve organ donation rates? These and many other questions and concerns are discussed in this lesson.
7. Medical Technology, Scarcity & Ethics
How did the lack of proper medical technology contribute to the spread of a deadly virus in Africa and all over the world? How does this tie in with bioethics? Find out, in this lesson!
8. Medical Services, Scarcity & Ethics
How would you decide who should live or die if you have only so many resources by which to save only so many lives? Do you do it based on age, the type of disease, or something else? This lesson goes over these and other ethical dilemmas when medical services are scarce.
9. Paying for Health Care: Ethical Issues
Health care is important in living a long and comfortable life. However, it costs money. This lesson examines the different ways that countries pay for their health care and the ethical issues surrounding the question of whether or not health care is a right.
10. HIV and AIDs: Definition, Statistics & History
Explore the history and issues around one of the largest and longest pandemics of the world: Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This small retrovirus has created a great many issues in the world and continues to be one of the most difficult to eradicate.
11. Treatment Methodologies for HIV
This lesson will delve into the basics of HIV therapy. You will learn about cocktails, protease inhibitors and reverse transcriptase inhibitors, as well as how they work and how they are used.
12. HIV & AIDS: Ethical Considerations
We are going to take an in-depth look at the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome from the aspect of the ethical considerations surrounding both. We will look at specifics and learn why the ethical considerations exist.
13. Informed Consent & Biomedical Research Ethics
In biomedical research, it's important that all research subjects are informed of what is going to happen and have the opportunity to provide informed consent. In this lesson, learn exactly what this means and how these guidelines were developed.
14. Beneficence & Nonmaleficence in Research Ethics
We are going to quickly glance at the four principles of research ethics. Then we will focus on beneficence and nonmaleficence, and discuss why they are in place, with examples of each.
15. Autonomy in Biomedical Research Ethics
Autonomy is one of the four basic principles of biomedical research. We will look at what autonomy means, how it works, and why it is important for individuals.
16. Willowbrook Hepatitis Experiments: Bioethics Case Study
In the 1950s, researchers used mentally disabled children as test subjects for hepatitis research. This lesson will outline the research and will discuss the ethical issues associated with the studies.
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