About This Chapter
STAAR English II: Grammar & Parts of Speech - Chapter Summary
To do well on the STAAR English II test, you will have to prove how much you've learned across six specific areas in English. If you don't know the facts about grammar and parts of speech, you may perform poorly on the three main writing areas of the test. Take some time to brush up on this information by looking over our lessons that cover the following information:
- How to use dependent and independent clauses
- Relative, adverbial, and noun clauses
- Pointing out the subject of any sentence
- How to spot run-ons, comma splices, and sentence fragments
- Complex, compound, and simple sentences
- Personal, possessive, and reflexive pronouns
- Relative, interrogative, and reciprocal pronouns
- Watching out for subject-verb agreement and verb tenses
- Recognizing verb tense errors
- The purpose of infinitives, gerunds, and participles
Don't let the word 'grammar' scare you as you study for the STAAR English II test. Our instructors have created these lessons to relieve your fears and increase your confidence come test day. The instructors have taken this chapter on grammar and parts of speech and separated it into several micro-lessons. Each short lesson looks at one single topic. If you already know everything about verb tense, for example, you can skip that lesson and move on to something that you really need to review. By the way, if at any point you still feel lost, send an e-mail to our instructors. They will do their best to answer your questions to help you better understand these topics.
1. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination
This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.
2. Types of Clauses: Noun, Adverbial, & Relative Clauses
In this lesson, we will define clause. We will then review independent and dependent clauses. Finally, we will focus on the different types of dependent clauses - including relative, noun and adverbial - discuss how to recognize them and then discuss how to use the clauses in our writing.
3. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
4. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.
5. Types of Sentences: Simple, Compound & Complex
Sentences can be categorized as simple, compound, and complex. In this lesson, you'll learn about all three, break down example sentences, and test yourself at the end with a short quiz.
6. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
7. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive
In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.
8. Reciprocal Pronouns: Definition & Examples
Pronouns are an important aspect for communication in any language. Read this lesson to learn how reciprocal pronouns help make our exchanges clear and succinct.
9. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
10. Identifying Errors of Verb Tense
In order to identify verb tense errors, you'll need to learn about the six verb tenses and how they differ. Once you know how to look for them, problematic shifts in verb tenses can be spotted and avoided easily.
11. Functions of Verbals: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives
Sometimes verbs are cleverly masked as different parts of speech and are known as 'verbals.' In this lesson, we will learn the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, and infinitives) and look at how they operate in different types of sentences.
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Other chapters within the STAAR English II: Test Prep & Practice course
- STAAR English II: Vocabulary Acquisition & Use
- STAAR English II: Analyzing Texts
- STAAR English II: Poetry
- STAAR English II: Drama
- STAAR English II: Prose Fiction
- STAAR English II: Nonfictional Prose
- STAAR English II: Sensory Language
- STAAR English II: Media Literacy
- STAAR English II: Reading Informational Texts
- STAAR English II: Reading Persuasive & Technical Texts
- STAAR English II: The Writing Process
- STAAR English II: Writing Expository Texts
- STAAR English II: Writing Persuasive Texts
- STAAR English II: Punctuation & Spelling
- About the STARR Tests
- STAAR English II Flashcards