About This Chapter
STAAR US History: Legislation & Economic Growth (1870-1920) - Chapter Summary
Use these lessons to re-collect your thoughts about what you learned in history class regarding the legislation and economic growth of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Allow our instructors to remind you about such concepts as the transportation revolution, the construction of the transcontinental railroad, and the effects of the Second Industrial Revolution on the economy and the middle class. During your study sessions for the STAAR U.S. History test, use our materials to become more familiar with the following:
- Women's Suffrage and the Homestead Act
- The Gilded Age and American industry development
- The 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act
- The purpose of our open door policy with China
- The 1887 Interstate Commerce Act
- The 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act
- The timeline and events of U.S. imperialism
- The Federal Reserve System and the 1913 Federal Reserve Act
- Definitions of the gold standard, money, and fiat money
When getting ready for a test as extensive as the STAAR U.S. History test, you want the ultimate set of study notes, and that is exactly what our lesson transcripts provide. Every single lesson we offer includes a text-based narrative. This organized document uses headers to point out the main concepts, and the keywords are highlighted in bold lettering. Some terms may even include hyperlinks to other lessons, which is useful for developing background information on certain topics. As you cram for the test, skim over the transcripts to get all of the vocab words and important names fresh in your mind.
1. The Transportation Revolution: Turnpikes to Steamboats to Railroads
In the half-century before the Civil War, America experienced a transportation revolution that improved the way people and goods crossed the nation, opened up new areas for settlement and altered the centers of economic power.
2. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
3. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
4. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
5. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.
6. Interstate Commerce Act of 1887: Definition & Passage
This lesson will discuss the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887. Learn about the history of this act's passage, its effectiveness and the purpose this act served in regulating the railroad industry.
7. Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906: Definition, Summary & History
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 established limitations on what manufacturers could put in pharmaceutical and food products. We'll discuss how it arose out of the Progressive Era and its effect on American history in this lesson.
8. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882: Definition & Summary
Explore the history and significance of the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, and test your understanding on American politics, racism, and the origins of American immigration policy.
9. The Open Door Policy with China: Definition, Summary & Purpose
The Open Door Policy was an American proposal that aimed to keep Chinese markets open for all and not allow any one country to gain control over the region. In this lesson, we'll look at the policy's historical background and the Chinese reaction to it.
10. US Imperialism in the Americas: Causes, Timeline & Examples
This lesson will explore United States imperialism in the Americas. In doing so, it will highlight the presidencies of Roosevelt and Taft, focusing on Yankee Imperialism, the Roosevelt Corollary, and Dollar Diplomacy.
11. The Federal Reserve Act of 1913: Definition & Overview
The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 was one of the most important Congressional Acts of the 20th Century. In this lesson, you'll learn about the act and the central banking system it created. A short quiz follows.
12. Overview of the Federal Reserve System & its Processes
Just about every week, you hear something in the news about the Federal Reserve, but what is it? What do they do that makes them so important? In short, as this lesson explains, they determine how much money is in the economy.
13. What is Money? - Definition and Types
In this lesson, you'll learn what money is and its four basic functions. You'll also take a look at how it benefits society and explore the different types of money.
14. What is the Gold Standard? - Definition & History
This lesson will give an explanation of the economic principle of the gold standard, and its differing variations. We will also conduct a brief history of the usage of the gold standard.
15. Fiat Money: Definition, History & Examples
The United States dollar, as well as other major currencies, is valuable only because someone says it is. In this lesson, you'll learn about fiat money and its history. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz.
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Other chapters within the STAAR U.S. History: Test Prep & Practice course
- STAAR US History: Independence & the Founding Fathers
- STAAR US History: Historical Eras & Significant Events (1877 to Present)
- STAAR US History: Political, Economic & Social Change (1877-1898)
- STAAR US History: United States as a World Power (1898-1920)
- STAAR US History: World War I
- STAAR US History: Early 20th Century Reform & Third-Party Movements
- STAAR US History: Individuals & Social Change During the 1920s
- STAAR US History: World War II
- STAAR US History: Cold War & the United States
- STAAR US History: The Vietnam War
- STAAR US History: The Civil Rights Movement
- STAAR US History: Civil Rights Legislation
- STAAR US History: Role of US in the World (1970-1990)
- STAAR US History: Ronald Reagan & the Rise of Conservatism
- STAAR US History: Foreign Policy & the Gulf War
- STAAR US History: Geographic Factors & Events
- STAAR US History: Migration, Immigration & American Society
- STAAR US History: Population Growth & Environmental Concerns
- STAAR US History: Arts & Culture
- STAAR US History: People Contributing to National Identity
- STAAR US History: Changing Role of the Government
- STAAR US History: Domestic & Global Accountability in Government
- STAAR US History: Government Branches & Checks & Balances
- STAAR US History: Landmark Supreme Court Cases
- STAAR US History: Core Values & the Democratic Process
- STAAR US History: Major Amendments to the US Constitution
- STAAR US History: Civic Participation & Leadership
- STAAR US History: Economic Development Between WWI & WWII
- STAAR US History: Economic Effects of World War II & the Cold War
- STAAR US History: Economic Interdependence in the 21st Century
- STAAR US History: Impact of Science & Technology on Economic Development
- STAAR US History: Research & Analyzing Information
- STAAR US History: Critical Thinking & Writing
- About the STARR Tests
- STAAR U.S. History Flashcards