Ch 3: STAAR US History: Political, Economic & Social Change (1877-1898)

About This Chapter

This chapter will boost your knowledge of America in the late 19th century in preparation for the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR) in US history. We provide a short quiz after each lesson for you to use as a self-assessment on your course progress.

STAAR US History: Political, Economic & Social Change (1877-1898) - Chapter Summary

The short, engaging lessons in this chapter are used to increase your ability to answer STAAR US History test questions on topics including Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller and other industrialists of the late 1800s. Topics covered here include:

  • History and impact of expanding the transcontinental railroad
  • Native Americans during the Gilded Age
  • Gilded Age politics
  • Labor conditions and the labor unions during the Second Industrial Revolution
  • The Grange and the Populist party
  • The rise of Nativism
  • Social Gospel movement

The video lessons run for 5-10 minutes, and you can watch them from a mobile device whenever you have a few minutes for study. Each comes with a multiple-choice quiz for checking your comprehension of the lesson material.

11 Lessons in Chapter 3: STAAR US History: Political, Economic & Social Change (1877-1898)
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

1. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

After decades of wrangling, plans were finalized for construction of a transcontinental railroad during the Civil War. After completion in 1869, the railroad changed many aspects of American life, for better or worse.

Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

2. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.

Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform

3. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform

Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.

Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons

4. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons

The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.

John D. Rockefeller: Biography, Facts & Timeline

5. John D. Rockefeller: Biography, Facts & Timeline

John D. Rockefeller was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, and one of the greatest philanthropists in United States History. His actions as a businessman and industrialist set standards for government policies in the regulation of monopolies.

Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution

6. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution

In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.

Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

7. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.

Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

8. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.

The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions

9. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions

During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.

Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

10. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.

The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements

11. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements

Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the STAAR U.S. History: Test Prep & Practice course

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