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Ch 6: State & Federal Judicial Systems

About This Chapter

This mobile-friendly political science chapter can help you review the foundations of the United States' state and federal judicial systems. Access these short lessons and quizzes whenever you need to review these systems for homework assignments, projects, essays or exams.

State & Federal Judicial Systems - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our expert political science instructors show you how the U.S. state and federal court systems are structured. As you progress through this series of engaging video lessons, you'll also become familiar with court power sources, decision makers, jurisdiction and more. Try the accompanying self-assessment quizzes to reinforce your understanding of these court system characteristics. Your course dashboard will keep track of your progress throughout the chapter, and you can revisit these lessons and quizzes as many times as needed. You can also submit questions to our instructors if you need any extra help. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be equipped to:

  • Outline the structure of the United States' state and federal court systems
  • Identify the federal judiciary's sources of power
  • Recognize participants involved in judicial decision making
  • Evaluate examples of constitutional checks and balances relating to the Supreme Court's power
  • Differentiate between original and appellate jurisdiction
  • Summarize the process of selecting federal judges and Supreme Court justices

7 Lessons in Chapter 6: State & Federal Judicial Systems
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The State Court System of the United States: Definition & Structure

1. The State Court System of the United States: Definition & Structure

The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. Each state has its own set of state courts. This lesson explains state courts, including the structure and jurisdiction of state court systems.

The Power of the Federal Judiciary: Sources & Consequences

2. The Power of the Federal Judiciary: Sources & Consequences

Federal judges and Supreme Court justices make their decisions using different rationales and theories. This lesson explores the power of the federal judiciary, including a discussion of judicial review and judicial activism.

The Federal Court System of the United States: Definition, Structure & Levels

3. The Federal Court System of the United States: Definition, Structure & Levels

The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. This lesson explores the federal court system of the Unites States, including its structure and jurisdiction.

Judicial Decision Making: Steps & Participants

4. Judicial Decision Making: Steps & Participants

A case will go through several steps before it can reach the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the participants, steps, and decision making involved in the appellate process. We will examine how a case can end up in the U.S. Supreme Court.

Constitutional Checks & Balances on the Power of the Supreme Court: Definition & Examples

5. Constitutional Checks & Balances on the Power of the Supreme Court: Definition & Examples

Our federal government is divided into three branches. Each of the three branches holds certain checks and balances on the other two branches. This lesson explores the major checks and balances on the power of the United States Supreme Court.

Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction: Definition & Differences

6. Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction: Definition & Differences

Federal courts can have either original jurisdiction or appellate jurisdiction. Some courts have both types of jurisdiction. This lesson explains the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in the federal court system.

The Selection of Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges: Process & Tenure

7. The Selection of Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges: Process & Tenure

All federal judges are appointed by the United States President, and must be confirmed by the U.S. Senate, including the justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the process of selecting federal judges and their tenure once selected.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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