Ch 4: States of Consciousness in Psychology

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the sleep cycle, hypnosis, meditation and more. These lessons are just a portion of Study.com's Intro to Psychology course.

States of Consciousness - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In this chapter, professional instructors teach you how awareness, or consciousness, develops as humans compare personal values with behavior. You'll get info on the different stages that take place while you're asleep and learn about how hypnosis and meditation create altered states of consciousness. At the end of this chapter you'll be familiar with:

  • Automatic and deliberate behaviors
  • Five stages of sleep
  • Major theories about dreams
  • Methods for reaching an altered state of consciousness
  • Types of psychoactive drugs

Video Objective
Intro to States of Consciousness Discuss self-awareness and defines consciousness. Review related modern-day studies and describe the concept of altered states of consciousness.
Sleep Cycle Examine circadian rhythms and the five stages that take place during sleep. Detail the process of rapid eye movement and define sleep disorders.
Why Do We Sleep and Dream? Explain why sleep is an important component of human function and assess popular dream theories. Examine psychoanalytic theory, activation-synthesis theory and psychotherapeutic theory.
Hypnosis and Meditation Describe two methods for reaching an altered state of consciousness without drugs. Explain how suggestion is used in hypnosis and find out about some key psychologists in this field.
Psychoactive Drugs Identify the four primary psychoactive drugs and list examples of each. Discuss the effects that different drugs have on people.

6 Lessons in Chapter 4: States of Consciousness in Psychology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
States of Consciousness, Self-Awareness & the Unconscious Mind

1. States of Consciousness, Self-Awareness & the Unconscious Mind

Consciousness is your awareness of how and why you react to your surroundings. As you watch this video, you may realize that you pass through multiple states of consciousness during any given day.

What is the Sleep Cycle? - Definition, Stages & Disorders

2. What is the Sleep Cycle? - Definition, Stages & Disorders

What happens when you sleep? Why are dreams typically more intense as morning approaches? This lesson will guide you through the stages of the sleep cycle that make up a full night's rest.

Why Do We Sleep and Dream?

3. Why Do We Sleep and Dream?

The exact functions of sleeping and dreaming are unknown, but psychologists have attempted to interpret what happens and why when we sleep. In this lesson, you'll explore the importance of sleep and some of the more famous theories regarding why we dream.

Latent Content of Dreams: Definition & Theory

4. Latent Content of Dreams: Definition & Theory

The latent content of a dream is the deeper meaning behind the literal plot of the dream. Read on to learn about the theory that explains the latent content of dreams, and take a quiz to test your understanding.

Altered States of Consciousness: Meditation & Hypnosis

5. Altered States of Consciousness: Meditation & Hypnosis

How can you reach an altered state of consciousness without drugs? Meditation and hypnosis are two techniques that can promote a relaxed state of mind. Watch this video to learn the difference between the two and their possible effects.

What are Psychoactive Drugs? - Definition, Types & Uses

6. What are Psychoactive Drugs? - Definition, Types & Uses

How do psychoactive drugs alter cognitive states? In this lesson, you'll learn how these chemical compounds affect neurotransmitter functions as well as explore some factors that can affect the outcomes of drug use.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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