About This Chapter
Who's It For?
This unit of our High School Psychology Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about statistics in psychology. There is no faster or easier way to learn about statistics. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about types of statistics, their use in research, statistical significance and psychological tests.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a psychology curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How It Works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a statistics unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Statistics Unit Objectives:
- Define statistics, tests and measurements.
- Explore the uses of statistical analysis.
- Gain an understanding of descriptive statistics and how they are used.
- Learn about mean, median and mode.
- Explore the measures of variability and what they mean.
- See how inferential statistics are used in psychology studies.
- Examine the method of hypothesis testing that compares the null to the alternative hypothesis.
- Learn what statistical significance is and examine its levels and critical regions.
- See how standardization, norm and samples help in understanding the results of psychological tests.
- Get an overview of some common psychological tests, including power tests, aptitude tests and inventory-type tests.
1. Introduction to Research Design & Statistical Analysis for Psychology
What do psychologists have to think about when designing studies and interpreting results? In this lesson, you'll explore how the scientific method can help with the difficult task of studying behaviors and their potential causes.
2. Statistical Analysis for Psychology: Descriptive & Inferential Statistics
What are the two main types of statistics used by psychologists? In this lesson, you'll start to see what psychologists need to do to analyze their data and test the significance of their results.
3. What Are Descriptive Statistics? - Definition and Uses
This lesson is a simple walk-through of the common types of descriptive statistics and why they are important for understanding psychological research. You will likely be familiar with many of them but some you may not be.
4. Frequency Distributions: Definition & Types
This lesson explores the process of creating frequency distributions and histograms to give readers of your future scientific articles a numerical or visual way to understand the data you have presented.
5. Mean, Median & Mode: Measures of Central Tendency
By describing the data using central tendency, a researcher and reader can understand what the typical score looks like. In this lesson, we will explore in more detail these measures of central tendency and how they relate to samples and populations.
6. Measures of Variability: Range, Variance & Standard Deviation
Looking specifically at range, variance, and standard deviation, this lesson explores the relationship between these measures and samples, populations, and what it says about your data.
7. Inferential Statistics for Psychology Studies
Psychology is a science, which means that in order to understand people's thoughts and behaviors, a basic understanding of statistics is necessary. Most psychology studies use inferential statistics. This lesson covers basic types of inferential statistics, as well as how to decide whether a hypothesis was supported by the results.
8. Hypothesis Testing: Comparing the Null & Alternative Hypothesis
This lesson explores the process of comparing the null and the alternative hypothesis, as well as how to differentiate between the two after your testing is done.
9. Statistical Significance: Definition, Levels & Critical Regions
This lesson explores the basic principle of statistical significance and why it is important to understand when performing nearly any statistical test.
10. Standardization and Norms of Psychological Tests
Many psychological tests, including intelligence tests, are about comparing your score to others' scores to see how you did. Watch this lesson to find out about two important concepts in psychology: standardization and norms.
11. Types of Tests: Norm-Referenced vs. Criterion-Referenced
What's the best way to score tests? In this lesson, we'll look at two major types of tests that are scored differently from each other: norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests.
12. Drawing Conclusions Based on Internal Validity
When a researcher gets the results of their study back, how do they know that the independent variable caused the results? In this lesson, we'll look at how internal validity shapes the way researchers draw conclusions about their research.
13. Limits to Generalization of a Research Study
What happens if a research study confirms the researcher's hypothesis? In this lesson, we'll look at the limits of generalizing from a single research study, including the importance of representativeness and replicability.
14. Interpreting a Non-Significant Outcome
Research can take a lot of time for the person conducting it. So what happens when the statistics show that the results are not significant? In this lesson, we'll look at what a non-significant outcome means and what it doesn't mean.
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Other chapters within the High School Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum course
- History of Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Research Methods in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Data Collection: Homeschool Curriculum
- Sampling and Measurement: Homeschool Curriculum
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Homeschool Curriculum
- Sensing & Perceiving: Homeschool Curriculum
- Motivation in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Emotion in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Stress in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Developmental Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Learning & Development Theories: Homeschool Curriculum
- Biological Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Sensory & Perceptual Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Cognitive Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Physical Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Social Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Personality Theory: Homeschool Curriculum
- Learning in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Memory & Cognition in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Intelligence in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- States of Consciousness: Homeschool Curriculum
- Social Psychology Theory: Homeschool Curriculum
- Abnormal Psychology Basics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Psychological Disorders: Homeschool Curriculum
- Psychological Treatment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ethics in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum